After 60 years of colonial rule, Nigeria finally gained her independence on October 1st, 1960. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Located in West Africa and the trigger of the African continent, Nigeria boasts a population of over 190 million people ranking her among the top 10 most populous in the world. Nigeria has three major tribes and languages which
Health Management Information Systems in Improving Primary Health Care Delivery Abstract Introduction Health management information systems (HMIS) are implemented in different countries with the expectation that they will contribute to improving primary health care (PHC) delivery. Information generated through these systems is conceived as an imperative for better decision making processes and strengthening accountability arrangements that underpin the delivery of PHC. Methods Electronic databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE data bases were reviewed for articles published between 1985 to December 2014. MeSH terms used initially for the systematic review were “Health care system” and the search was limited to English-language publications in
Manufacturers had to keep up with production as well as keep factories running, in attempt to save their business. Instead, this was not the case. As producing more meant that “behavior would collectively accelerate the oversupply and the deflation. From 1929 to 1931, wholesale price index fell about 30%, agricultural prices fell 40%, and textile prices fell nearly 50%.” Business owners were not able to increase sales, no matter how much they
1.1 Introduction to the Health Care System In Malaysia The health care system is defined as a complex of facilities,organizations and trained personnel engaged in proving health care within a geographical area. Malaysia inherited a health system from the British upon independence in 1957 but with services based mainly in urban areas. Health care services were expanded as a post-independence priority, particularly for the economically disadvantaged and the rural population. Health centers are provided for, one per 15 000 to 20 000 population, while community clinics are one per 2 000 to 4 000 population. Currently, Malaysia’s health care system can be classified into both government-run universal health care public system and a co-existing private health care system.
Introduction This assignment basically writing about health policy , aspect of health and the comparison health policy to Malaysia country and Singapore country. Health is one of the very much important to every country. Health policy compulsory to show the country how well government take care resident and plan for prevent for avoid sick and diseases. According to (WHO,2016) health policies, an important role for country in central a country vision, priorities, budgetary decision and action for improving and maintaining the health. Most countries improving national health policy policies to have better health and good environment.
In terms of financial access, the national Health insurance scheme is in place to ensure the poor can have access to healthcare. As at 2013, the Scheme had a total of 10, 145, 196 active members representing about half of the populations. (GHS, 2013) In the quest of achieve universal access the community-based health planning and services (CHPS) program was commenced in 2002. As at 2015, 1200 of 5487 areas have 2580 functional compounds though 6500 was needed. (Ghana Business News,
It includes the first wave of health sector reform, through the Local Government Code of 1991. The code devolved basic services for health services, barangay (townships) to Local Government Units. And in the year 1992, the Philippines Government transfers the management and delivery of health services from the National Department of Health to locally elected provincial, city and municipal governments. A barangay health center is a community-based and the goal is to offer first aid, maternal and child health care, communicable diseases and other basic health services to all the constituents of the barangay. One of the most important programs of the Municipality is to develop the delivery of health services and also providing additional budget for medicines, equipments and health workers.
The situation as in developing countries like India is quite more serious than in developed countries the patient has to bear the total cost of medicine by themself for almost all medicines. At least 80% of the population has to indulge “out of pocket” expenditure in the absence of national wide health insurance coverage. According to World Health Organization (W.H.O.) one-third of the world's population, mainly in low-and middle-income countries like India continues to lack regular access to essential drugs. In the poorest parts of Africa and Asia, this price rises to over 50percent.
Health Care Services: The main providers The Malaysian health care system mostly is characterized by tax-funded universal services ran by the government and by private sector services. The public sector provides 82% of inpatient cares and 35% of ambulatory care, and the private sector supply the 18% of the former care and 62% of the latter. The Ministry of Health (MOH) regulates and runs most of the public sector health services. It offers a wide and complete range of services up to health promotion and disease
Singapore was separated from Malaysia Singapore’s presence in Malaysia Federation was no longer endured after she encountered a few matters that ranged from economic problem, political rivalry and racial conflicts, which were claimed to be the main cause of the separation. Through the texts, the details why Singapore was ousted out from the Federation will be illustrated. 2.1. Economic Reasons Singapore started to feel disappointed just at her first year in the federation, and it was due to two remarkable reasons. One was in December, 1964 when Malaysia increased the 40% pay to 60% in the aim to combat the Indonesia Confrontation and threatened to shut down the Singapore branch of the Bank of China, which managed the