Healthcare is a key component in national development which all governments have to set as a high priority. As the saying goes, a healthy nation is a wealthy nation. Without quality healthcare the working force will be unproductive hence a dwindling economy. Ensuring quality healthcare is a never ending process. Policy makers, bureaucrats and health personnel have to understand their environment, adopt to change, implement plans and many more.
An official definition of health by the World Health Organization is, ‘Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The enjoyment of the highest attainment of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being, without distinction of race, religion, political beliefs or economic and social conditions’ (World Health Organization, 1948). However, William and Popay (1994) suggested that the definition of health and illness should be organized in the following way: i) they do not mimic medical
Education has a positive effect on society by helping to create a more cohesive and healthier society. Research has continuously shown that those with lower educational attainment are more likely experience poorer health and to die at a younger age than those with higher educational attainment (Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006). There are numerous resemblances between the health position of those in lower socioeconomic groups and those with lower educational attainment, which is unsurprising as education has a strong relationship with employment and earnings potential. There is a strong positive relationship between education and health whether measured by mortality, morbidity, health knowledge or behaviours. Lower educational attainment also increases the risk of death from infectious diseases, cancer, stroke and cardiovascular disease; as well as increasing the risk of suffering from other illnesses throughout life such as depression, asthma and diabetes (Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).
Health is considered a basic and dynamic force within daily life. The World Health Organisation (1948) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". Although dated this definition of health is predominantly used to date within literature, however, does receive criticism for being idealistic (Green 2015). As a discipline public health protects, preserves and promotes the health of people (Hanlon et al. 2012).
Good health education is based on facts, which means it must be consistent and compatible with scientific knowledge and also with local culture, educational system and social goals. 2) INTEREST: It is psychological principle that people are unlikely to listen to those things, which are not to their interest. Health educators must find out real health needs of the people. If a health program is based on the felt needs, people will participate willingly in the program. Very often, there are groups who may have health needs of which they are not aware.
They claimed that public health, community health, and population health are often used interchangeably. However, there are some differences between these terms. Public health is defined as the collective activities undertaken by formal structure of governments, as well as private voluntary organizations and individuals to provide the conditions in which people can be healthy. Community health refers to the health status as well as actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve the health of a group of people who share the same geographical area with specific boundaries, or have common characteristics. Examples of geographical area include neighborhood, city, country or state, where examples of common characteristic include race, ethnicity, occupation, or common bounds.
The definition according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) is that Public health refers to all measures of the people which are either public or private in nature to promote healthy well-being, prevent disease, and prolong life among the population as a whole. The main aim of such activities is to provide conditions in which people can be healthy and focus on entire populations, not on individual patients or diseases.
Physical education can be a great solution to these health problems. Although physical education classes are mandatory in many countries, they are not required in others. People have diverging opinions. Some believe that physical education classes are not necessary or beneficial for students. However, physical education classes are helpful for students in many ways.
Health The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete mental, physical and social well -being and not just mere absence of a disease or infirmity. It is a condition in which a whole or part of an organism performs vital functions properly or normally. Health encompasses a resource for the everyday life putting more emphasis on personal and social resource and the physical capabilities. The state of good health is rather more difficult to define as opposed to bad health which is normally synonymous with presence of a disease. Health is undoubtedly a complex and multidimensional aspect making it a very difficult to measure or evaluate precisely.
So we see the importance of education and health in productivity in grossman’s human capital model. In his model he allows health capital formulation to be seen as a capital good, to be able to work, be able to earn money, and to be able to produce domestic goods. He revealed that a rise in the quantity of health capital decreases the amount of time loss of being sick; however, he assumes that people are born with a good amount of health at first, and depreciates with time and age but increases due to investment directed to health (grossman, 1972).Health care as a right of every individual has been recognized in many