For instance, urban individuals are healthier than the rural individuals. Rural health risk factors include geographical isolation, lower socioeconomic status, higher rates of health danger practices, and limited job opportunities. Higher rates of chronic disease and poor general health are found in rural groups than in urban groups. A few studies have demonstrated that rural occupants are more seasoned, poorer, and have insufficient doctors to be there for them. When children in urban areas are contrasted with the kids living in the rural ranges, they tend to have better health conditions.
Today, health disparities among minority populations is a growing phenomenon that can be prevented with extensive research. A health disparity is a disease that differs greatly in occurrence among different populations. The focus in this critique will be on health disparities among minority populations in the United States, since little nursing research has been done in this area. The more research conducted on health disparities among minorities could improve the gap that exists between minority groups and prevalence of certain diseases. The two articles I chose to critique are Gaskin et al.
Some factors often prevent women from having the same health care resources as men. Statistics show that women are more likely than men to develop a variety of diseases and disorders. This includes mental health problems, all of which are very expensive to treat such as anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Discrimination against women can have a negative effect on their health. Men’s mental disorder and disease rates are lower, and they face less violence and discrimination when compared to women.
1. Even with our medical advances, the United States ranks 29th because of lack of health care for some individuals but also the lifestyle Americans have. Another reason is that class statuses correspond with our health outcomes. What I meant about this, is that lower and middle class individuals are exposed to more health threats than higher class. This is the connections between healthy bodies and healthy bank accounts and race/ethnicity.
Health care inequality is a prevalent issue in Massachusetts and around the United States. Low-income families and individuals all over the country are barred from receiving adequate and necessary health care due to a lack of insurance or due to restrictive policies in their existing insurance. According to a report done by the Working Poor Families Project in 2013 titled Low-Income Working Families: The Growing Economic Gap, a low-income family is defined as one who earns less than twice the federal poverty line, while a poor family is defined as one who earns less than the federal poverty line. For a family of four with two children to be considered low-income in 2011, the threshold was $45,622, with the federal poverty line being $22,811. (Population Reference Bureau) Over 43 million people in the United States, including 9 million children, do not have health insurance; the majority of these people are immigrants and people of color.
Increase the number of the free clinics that will provide some health issue. Homeless population are at risk for chronic illness making them vulnerable to volience and substance abuse. This population has limited access to resources; difficulty in essentials of daily living: food, clothing, shelter. Often these individual has an underlining mental health issues or substance abuse problems. They do not have support outside their homeless community.
World population is facing challenges of low life expectancies in developing countries, overpopulation of people, and a high infant mortality rate due to regulations and a low quality of health. Developing countries typically have lower life expectancies due to a lack of nutritious food, safe drinking water, and medical attention. An overpopulation of people is caused by a lower infant mortality rate or better medical facilities in a country and it may cause air pollution, depletion of valuable resources, and less job opportunities. Most countries would love the number over 1000 to be zero in the infant mortality rate but many factors prevent children to live. Low life expectancies can influence the fall of a country.
Health inequalities indicate larger social problems for socioeconomic group in many ways. Socioeconomic status (SES) is the total impact that the social environment has on individuals, families, communities, and schools. According to Morrison E. and Furlong B. (2014), health is the state of being happy, living a healthy life, and the ability to have access to meaningful things that help improve one’s life. In both industrialized and less industrialized countries, persons of higher socioeconomic status live longer and have lower rates of most diseases.
Without good health care, people are not able to get the proper treatment they need to be healthy. Reported by Understanding Social Problems, " In the United States, low socioeconomic status is associated with higher incidence and prevalence of health problems, and lower life expectancy" (Mooney, 40). This is
Whenever a large of amount of one’s income goes to a specific obligation, then other needs like adequate food security becomes jeopardized of decreasing in quality. The second social determinant is the access to healthcare. Even though the family had “access” to healthcare, they definitely could not afford to pay for their insurance payments without putting themselves in financial debt. If the Hawthorne’s happened to incur a large amount of debt, then their “access” will appear less accessible. Part of what makes this particular determinant so dangerous is the fact that it could encourage
For both the uninsured group and those who are eligible for government assistance because of their low economic position, access to health is limited by the number of private providers willing to treat them. In many cases private providers are linked to particular private health insurance companies and won 't accept patients outside their network. These people must then rely on the overburdened public health system for care, and as such usually only seek treatment in emergencies. The public health system, while filled with competent staff, is nevertheless restricted by its funding and can therefore not always provide all these patients with the best quality of care. The inequality in health care access is a continuing issue in America and as such it is important for future consumers and workers on the Foothill College campus to have a thorough understanding of the issue so they can move to improve the problem in the
There is clear evidence that shows “less wealth, lower income, lower education attainment, and under-representation in positions of high occupational rank, and financial and political power among Blacks as a group compared with Whites”. Everyone has the right to equal medical care, education, protection, etc., yet this is not what is seen. Health is such an important part of one’s life and defines their “capability to function normally in society”. The people who are socially disadvantaged, also have to face inequalities with health care, which widen the gap. This is an obvious fact when you look at the statistics, but the government continues to ignore it.
With being uninsured, it’s hard to get the proper health care that is needed. They also have language barriers that affect proper health care. Poverty and low socioeconomic statuses are the greatest health risk factor that Hispanics have to face. They have some barriers when it comes to health care, but they relatively have a better health profile.
As a result, many of this group fail to access health care to treat their health condition properly and result in complications and death. This negatively affects African Americans or blacks resulting in barriers to accessing health care. The individuals are negatively affected in their interaction due to communication difficulty especially those who have heavy ascents Hence, patient and provider cares are poor because of lacking the understanding and important health concerns from the patient. Psychological and cultural factors affect African American with stigma but the women in another hand culturally are psychological strong (Belgrave & Abrams, 2016). AAHP progresses in the health outcome of the African descendants in Montgomery County.
Callaghan (2015) highlighted that asylum seekers are mainly known as a group of people who has complex health and social care needs in the ward. This could be linked to lack of deprive healthy lifestyle information or understanding due to higher level of non English speaking population in the ward. Dahlgren and Whitehead (1991) highlighted those most influencing factors on people’s health can be classed into physical, behavioural factors, biological, social and environment. For example life style choices such as smoking can be avoided whiles biological factors such as cancer is past people’s control. In addition Liz (2015), found that 71% of the people in the ward suffer poor health such as respiratory and diabetes whiles 46% are affected by mental health illness compared to overall Leeds 12%.