The report, emphasises that carers knowledge is a vital source of information and that nurses need to listen to what they have to say in order to provide optimum care. A community learning disability nurse in the UK, Phillips (2012) discussed how they rely on carers to support them, by asking them to fill out a patient-centred assessment on the person's needs and preferences in order to plan appropriate care. Although this study only discusses how they care for people with intellectual disabilities in their service, it successfully explains how when everyone supports each other, patients tend to have more
It may entail, “anxiety, depression, apathy, frustrations, grief, powerlessness, unhappiness, and/or aggression, and hostility” (Meleis, 2010, p.17). Role supplementation is defined when role insufficiency is identified. It is comprised of role clarification and role taking which may be preventative and therapeutic (Meleis, 2010, p. 17). Therefore, as sole providers it is imperative for professional nurses to understand the behavior of clients to diagnose and intervene appropriately (Meleis, 2010, p.
Introduction Health is an important element throughout our life. A person’s health can be affected by many social factors such as gender roles and economic positions. As there are differences in health status between different populations groups, health inequality is then formed, for example, differences in morbidity and mortality rates between people from different social classes. In my essay, I will first define the meaning of ‘health’ from different perspectives. Then, I will talk about how social factors such as gender roles and economic positions determine a person’s health.
In a group we looked at a video explaining the concepts of health on each level; personal, as a population/community, public and global. Through exploring these levels, I have had to change my definition of health to cover a larger scale as I was looking at it as a smaller picture. As mentioned by Samar Yazdani (Discussion thread topic: ‘Concepts of Health’, 10/03/18) I too have grown up knowing health to be a balance of physical and mental health but learning of these different concepts has shown me that an individual’s behavior can influence towards their community and even on global terms which has been brought to my attention by Huiwon Kim (Discussion thread topic: ‘Concepts of Health’, 28/03/18). As a nurse we have been introduced into the health profession and need to understand the broad topic of health which could be looked at from a personal, community, public or global level which includes understanding a patient’s culture, upbringing, lifestyle and social status which varies from each individual when looking at a personal level. We were introduced to two models of health, medical and social models where medical involves the absence of diseases, providing health services and supplying specialized medicine comparing to the medical model which investigates relationships, public health and providing education to
Before we look at the different Social/Psychological Determinants of Health it is important firstly to define what a social determinant of health is. According to the World Health Organization (2017) “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.” These conditions are as a result of a wide range of factors that are ultimately governed by the way in which money, power and specific resources are shared at different levels including those at global, national and local levels. We have all been a part of and will experience different social determinants of health throughout our lives but it is the standard at which we experience these determinants that will ultimately lead onto them affecting our health or ultimately leaving us unaffected. The Social Determinants of Health which I am going to examine include • Education • Unemployment • Stress • Living Conditions • Cultural Norms. These Social Determinants of Health may all relate to each other in some ways but may also have no relation to each other at all.
In a counselling role, he or she may resolve issues that are meddling with the patient’s capacity to live effectively (Belcher and Fish, 1985). Lastly, when a nurse takes the role of a surrogate he or she needs to elucidate domains of dependence, interdependence and independence. In addition, the medical
Gender and sex According to Jones (1991:345) both sex and gender affect health. Sex refers to, were as to gender refers to social categorization of masculine and feminine and to the several expectations regarding masculinity and femininity that we are supposed to follow based on our assigned sex (Bird and Rieker, 2008: 358). Based on simple display of epidemiological data, there is a great explanation that sex and gender are also socio-structural factors that also affect health. It has been stated that individuals that are classified as females within a society tend to live for a long period when compared to men. However the significant differences that may exist within both males and females is that “life expectancies suggest that sex may straightly affect health, but the chances that exists between these two categories come with the concept that it is actually gender that affects health” (Weitz, 2013:63), This is because most females live longer than males not because of the fact that their biology has changed but because their social position has completely changed within a
Investigating how we are socialized in regards to gender is interesting because it is such a broad topic on how society characterizes everyone by gender. The biological categories of gender strongly influence the social dynamics of gender (Conley 281). Gender matters because it structures relations between people, but as gender structures relation it does this on unequal ground.
The paper reviews the evidence from developing countries and explores the possible factors leading to poverty-risk relationship. Eleven community studies have been identified in the above articles which show a relationship between poverty and common mental health disorders in middle income countries. The most consistent association was found to be with low levels of education. Factors like insecurity, hopelessness, social change, violence, health, gender and other co-morbid factors were also seen as risk factors. Depression and anxiety were the most important causes of morbidity leading to disability in many cases in primary care settings.