Minorities and disabled are often more likely to be in health disparities rather than others. Also those in lower economic classes are also more affected than the wealthier class. The LGBT community is more at risk of having higher health disparities. Racial groups such as minorities may be affected by health disparities because many come from areas of low socioeconomic status and live in areas with high health risk.
Health inequalities are a result of unequal exposure to risk factors associated with socio-economic inequalities, such as social, economic and environmental conditions (Thomson, Bambra, McNamara, Huijts, & Todd, 2016). These inequalities in health, between people belonging to different socio-economic groups, were firstly recognized in the Nineteenth century, when public health figures in different European countries dedicated their studies to these issues (Mackenbach, 2006). Villermé (1782-1863), conducted a study in Paris, and showed districts with lower socio-economic statuses had higher mortality rates compared to neighborhoods with a higher socio-economic status, and came to the conclusion that life and death are related to social circumstances
Evidence suggests that there is a positive correlation between economic status and a variety of health outcomes (hereafter outcomes), including but not limited to obesity, life expectancy, and child mortality. These outcomes, in addition to others, can be affected by a person’s economic status. However, they can also be affected by any of the other determinants mentioned, some of which may be tied to economic status. For example, economic status may determine where a person lives, or a person’s ability to study at university level. This may be why it has been received more attention than other
University of the people Discussion Forum unit 7 SOC 1502 - AY2018-T1 What factors do you think contribute to the disparities in health among ethnic, socioeconomic, and gender groups in your country? What diseases are the most stigmatized? Which are the least? Is this different in different cultures or social classes? It being a long-term challenge among certain groups due to the disparities in health care in the united states.
Some of these differences in access to healthcare in the country are discussed below. The first difference is the inequality in the quality of medical services that are offered. Such variations in services means that certain individuals can access better healthcare services whereas others have access to only low-quality services. An example is that minority groups are more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage cancers than whites. This is evidence that they are offered lower quality care.
Discussion Individual relationships and connections with others can be a source of enjoyment and support. They help people to feel they belong and have a part to play in society. People who feel socially connected contribute towards building communities and society. Social connectedness has been shown to be associated with good health, low crime, higher educational achievement, economic growth, and other positive benefits (Capon & Blakely, 2007). High levels of social connectedness are thought to promote better health and psychological wellbeing (Giordano & Lindstorm, 2010).
According to the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2012), health and health care disparity refer to differences in the health and health care between population groups. The health disparity generally refers to a higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality experienced by one population group relative to another. A health care disparity typically refers to the differences between groups in health coverage, access to care, and quality of care. While disparities are commonly viewed through the lens of race and ethnicity, they occur across many dimensions, including socioeconomic status, age, location, gender, disability status, and sexual
The results they have found are aimed by age, gender, residency of individual and socio-economic status. It is stated that the relationship between these factors and sick leave is lacking and can be found in several studies. The highest scientific evidence are showed because of the influence of the social insurance system and disability pension and childhood experience that effect the socio-economic status. Limited scientific results were shown that there are some effects in regarding of divorce and the correlation between unemployment and sick absence which caused insufficient data for the association (Allebeck). Limited evidence also shows that work-related factors have an effect of physically stressful work and moderate evidence that show low psychological control over the work situation.
This essay aims to identify and evaluate the inequalities in health care in different areas of society, namely disability and gender. Firstly, it is important to understand what we mean by health inequalities. It is commonly understood that health inequality refers to unjust differences in the health status, usually preventable, between different groups, populations or individuals. The existence of such inequalities is attributed to the unequal distributions of social, environmental and economic conditions within societies. Such conditions determine the risk of individuals getting ill, their ability to prevent sickness, as well as opportunities to access to the right treatments.
Consequences of an unhealthy workplace include high turnover due to low organisational commitment, lower performance as a result of work disengagement (Bakker, Schaufeli, Leiter & Taris, 2008), low performance due to higher levels of burnout and increased costs attributable to organisational misbehaviour (Day, Kelloway & Hurrell, 2014). Individual wellness as well as team and organisational wellness have to be considered in the pursuit of healthy workplaces that afford peak performance and employee wellbeing (Day, Kelloway & Hurrell, 2014). Farrell and Geist-Martin (2005) in their model of working well, put forward that an organisation needs to consider the; physiological, psychological, spiritual and social aspects of individual wellness, as well as the organisational wellness elements of; upper management support, feedback mechanisms, evaluation, and mission, vision, values and goals. Differences in generational work values has an bearing on the psychological and social aspects of individual wellness as well as the values, upper management support, feedback mechanisms and evaluation elements of organisational wellness. It is important to note which aspects of organisational wellness and health are affected by the toxicity.