Health Information Exchange Model

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Health information exchange model and standards
Health information exchange (HIE) is defined as “the electronic movement of health-related information among organizations according to nationally recognized standards” . Occasionally, HIE is also called health information network (HIN). HIE lets doctors, pharmacists, nurses, radiologists, lab technicians and other health care providers and patients to properly access and securely share a patient’s vital medical information electronically. This will lead to an improving in the safety, cost, speed and quality of patient care. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) , was signed
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The first form is Directed exchange. Directed exchange is the ability to send and receive secure information electronically between care providers to support coordinated care. Directed exchange is being used for sending immunization data to public health organizations or to report quality measures to The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). The second form of HIE is Query-based exchange which is ability for providers to find and/or request information on a patient from other providers, often used for unplanned care. The third form of Health information exchange is Consumer-mediated exchange which is ability for patients to aggregate and control the use of their health information among…show more content…
The first level is Foundational interoperability which allows data exchange from one information technology system to be received by another and does not require the ability for the receiving information technology system to interpret the data. The second level is Structural interoperability which is an intermediate level that defines the structure or format of data exchange (i.e., the message format standards) where there is uniform movement of health data from one system to another such that the clinical or operational purpose and meaning of the data is preserved and unaltered. The third level is Semantic interoperability. This level gives interoperability at the highest level, which is the ability of two or more elements or systems to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged. Semantic interoperability takes advantage of both the codification of the data including vocabulary and the structuring of the data exchange so that the receiving information technology systems can interpret the
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