Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
There are many ideas that branch off this concept, which include access to health services, access to technology and geographic location. One very important factor that will be explored is access to health services, which refers to ones ability to access the heath care they need. Some examples of this are language barriers and geographic location. Both of these examples can have a positive and negative affect
A model of SDM called the Interprofessional Shared Decision-Making Model provides some guidance with respect to the different levels of support needed to provide SDM. The model address three levels within the health care system. The micro-level is the individual level where the patient presents with a health problem that requires a decision. The meso-level incorporates the health care teams within an organization. The macro-level refers to the broader policies and social context that can facilitate or hinder the SDM process.
a. According to Yoder-Wise (2015) complexity, formalization and centralization are characters that classifies a organization.(p. 141) All of these characteristics apply to Health care organization, but to what degree does a healthcare organization use each of these characteristics? In today 's Health Delivery organization I see a vision or movement toward shared governance. With this being said Health organization are more focused on decreasing hierarchies or complexity and using decentralization; Magnet Recognition Program is an example.
The Health Belief Model is a conceptual framework that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains changes in health-related behavior. Key elements of the Health Belief Model focus on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors. The Health Belief Model can be used to design short- and long-term programs. The model 's predictive ability varies depending on the ability to gauge the presence of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, cues to action, and the sense of self-efficacy among the target population.
The first form is Directed exchange. Directed exchange is the ability to send and receive secure information electronically between care providers to support coordinated care. Directed exchange is being used for sending immunization data to public health organizations or to report quality measures to The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). The second form of HIE is Query-based exchange which is ability for providers to find and/or request information on a patient from other providers, often used for unplanned care. The third form of Health information exchange is Consumer-mediated exchange which is ability for patients to aggregate and control the use of their health information among
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g.
#1- Compare and contrast the clinical uses of a health record with the secondary purposes of a health record. The use of Health Records are used by both, clinicians and non-clinicians (secondary purposes). Reasons to why clinicians may use a patient records are for confidential data such as patient care (diagnosis and treatment), chronological documentation of clinical care, method of cross discipline education, research activities, public health monitoring and for quality improvement activities. In contrast, non-clinicians may use is for non-confidential informational data such as billing and reimbursement, verifying disabilities, and legal documentation of care. While both clinicians and non-clinicians may use it for different purposes,
According to CDC -The social determinants of health are the environment, conditions and system in which people are born, live and work. These environments are formed by a different forces that have a direct influence on the status of health such as economics, politics, and social policies. ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Many different factors have direct impact on state of health of individual, such as: diet, sex, age, smoking and alcohol use, income , environment where person live, insurance coverage and access to healthcare services ( quality ) and education level, social support, community safety. All these factors significantly contribute to well and how long we live.
The Health Field Model The Health Field Model (HFM) is the conceptual framework that is used by different health care organizations or in individual research projects to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and management of diseases in the community (Pittman, 2010). The HFM, a determinant health model is developed by Bob Evans and Greg Stoddart in 1990. The HFM provides a broad spectrum for understanding health, and the factors that interfere with, and influence the health of individuals in the community. There are features to put into consideration for, in determining the factors that affect many diseases; hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, or influence of health on a community (Kindig & McGinnis, 2007). According to Evans and Stoddart (1990), grouped