Over five years, people with previously known the incidence of diabetes has raised significantly over the past 20 years. In 2007–08, 898 800 people or 4.1 per cent of the Australian population reported that they had medically diagnosed diabetes. The rate for diabetes was higher for males than females in most age groups. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have one of the highest prevalence rates
(4) There are many types of cancer and one of the most dangerous one is skin cancer. Skin cancer effect millions of people around the world every year. For the past ten years many people died due to skin cancer. Australia occupies the first place in terms of the high incidence of skin cancer rate in the world, where one person infected by skin cancer from every two persons spent their lives in Australia. (3) This essay will examine skin cancer by covering
Introduction Dementia is a chronic and progressive syndrome that affects the elderly resulting in the deterioration of intellect and cognitive function such as memory, judgement, orientation and the ability to process thoughts. Dementia is estimated to affect 50 million adults worldwide every year . In Singapore, the Ministry of Health (MOH) reported that dementia affected approximately 20,000 Singaporean elderly in 2010, corresponding to a prevalence of 5.7% among elderly aged 65 years and above . More recently, a cross-sectional survey done in 2015 reported that the prevalence of dementia had increased to 10% in the elderly population of Singapore . Given the high prevalence of dementia in the elderly population, it is no surprise
These disadvantages have formed many gaps among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians that need to be readily fixed. Infant Mortality Infant mortality is defined by “the deaths of children less than one year of age” (Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS, 2012). Evidence supported by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2011) suggest that “the life expectancy of ATSI children is double compared with their non-Indigenous counterparts (6.2 deaths per 1000 births ATSI children; 3.7 deaths per 1000 births non-Indigenous
A diagnosis of severe sepsis or sepsis shock has an increased risk of patient mortality, length of stay, and a higher probability of long-term disability (Cawcutt & Peters, 2014; Whittaker, et al. 2015). Septicemia has been ranked as the eleventh leading cause of death in the U.S. since 2008 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
More women than men die of heart disease and thousands of children are born each year with heart defects. In addition, nearly 81 million Americans are living with some form of cardiovascular disease, which costs an estimated $449 billion each year. As the population ages, cardiovascular disease will have an even greater human and economic impact. It is estimated that the more than 75 million Americans will be 65 years of age or older by the year 2020. (Texas Heart Institute,
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been reported with significant impact on morbidity mortality, quality of life and health care cost. It has been estimated that approximately 2.9-5.6% of all hospital admissions are caused by ADRs and as many as 35% of hospitalized patients experience an ADR during their hospital stay. [1-3] In an Australian study 5.7% of all admissions were drug related, out of which 4.9% were due to ADRs and it calculated a cost of more than € 2million per patient.  A study conducted in Germany estimated that direct cost associated with ADRs were 0.4 billion dollars annually.  United States study revealed that the cost of ADRs per patient was in the range of US $2000 to US $4000.
Yet, the pace of Rwanda’s epidemiologic transition is moving forward quickly towards the third stage of increased life expectancy, mortality decline, and less prominence of communicable diseases.5 According to a report in 2013 by The Atlantic, “Over the last decade in Rwanda, deaths from HIV, TB, and malaria dropped by 80 percent, maternal mortality dropped by 60 percent, life expectancy doubled -- all at an average health care cost of $55 per person per
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in Australia and also the world, it affects 1.4 million Australians a year. In 2013 13% of all deaths were caused by coronary heart disease. In 2012 7.4 million people died as a result of heart disease. Heart disease is the build up of plaque (fat deposit on the inner walls of the arteries) in the coronary arteries that supply O2 rich blood to the heart muscle, the build up of plaque is called atherosclerosis. Over time passes plaques may harden consequently restricting blood flow or completely blocking the artery.
Sociologists refer to this resulting group of people as baby boomers. The first of about 76 million baby boomers recently turned 65, and they are looking forward to a life expectancy that is higher than that of any previous generation. The average life