It provides 40 per cent of hospitalizations for the poor and 60 per cent for the privileged (Mukhopadhayay Debes, 2006). The provision of health care services will improve the physical and mental developments of the human being. Health expenditure in India The general government (central and sate) expenditure on health was 1.36 percentage of the GDP in 2012-13 estimates. Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) in India was 1.28 as of 2013. Its highest value over the past 18 years was 1.28 in 2013, while its lowest value was 1.00 in 2005.
Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania have the lowest number of low birth weight infants, with 1.2 million and 27,000, respectively.10 According to a study by the Ministry of Health of the Union Government, 30 per cent of the infants born in India were Low Birth Weight Babies, 10 per cent were less than 2 kg, three per cent weighed less than 1.5 kg, and 0.7 per cent weighed less than one kg. The mortality rate among the low birth weight babies is unacceptably very high. As mothers, mostly in rural areas are illiterate so they are not utilizing the healthcare facilities which are available in the hospital so this leads to intra-uterine growth retardation and then low birth weight
As of now according to NSB (2017) Bhutan has 31 hospitals and 210 Basic Health Units. Bhutan is lagging behind in terms of health care because it was only in the year 1961 Bhutan began to develop and Wangdue Phodrang is one of the Dzongkhags with largest area with 30,000 population in Bhutan where people facing huddles in getting sufficient medical care. According to NSB (2017), Wandue phodrang has only 2 hospitals and 9 BHUs with 5 doctors, 2 indigenous doctors, 26 nurses and 5 ambulances. Also according to the NSB (2017) report only one doctor is available for 6000 people living in Wangdue and 0.13 doctors are available per bed. This is because the number of population greater than the numbers of doctor as the ratio is 6000:1.
For one, when put into comparison with other healthcare financing systems, Singapore has proved to be above average. It functions well; the equity and problems are balanced out, thus drawing a lot of attention internationally (Abeysinghe et al.). As mentioned earlier, Singapore’s healthcare policies are well developed in maintaining the economic stability. Singapore has been channelling less than 4% of its GDP to healthcare. On the contrary, the global health expenditure average is 8% of the GDP (Financing Health Care).
He further compares the two countries by showing the difference in surgery wait times. He mentions that the amount of Americans waiting more than four months for surgery is only at 5 percent (Goodman). While “36 percent of Britons” are left waiting more than four months (Goodman). These two facts showed back up the idea that Goodman’s arguments are stronger than Alison and McChrystal 's. Alison and McChrystal provides an opposing argument, presented by the use of a logical basis and an emotional appeal to the reader.
In the urban population, IMRs in the five lowest infant mortality states have decreased faster than in five highest infant mortality states, resultantly inter-state inequality in urban infant mortality has increased. However in states with highest infant mortality, between 1981-83, has resulted in a decrease in the inter-state inequality. The median decrease in total infant mortality rate in states having lowest and the highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.92 per cent and 54.16 per cent respectively. Similarly, the median decrease in rural infant mortality rate in states with lowest rural infant mortality and in states with highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.96 and 54.73 per cent respectively; the corresponding figures for the urban infant mortality rate being 46.73 and 41.56 per cent respectively (Chaurasia, 2005). Kerala in India has the lowest infant mortality rates and recorded IMR of 7 against the national average of 34 in 2013(Indian Academy of
Overall, Canada has a life expectancy of 79.5 years in 2001, which was only 2.1 years behind Japan which has the highest life expectancy (Kermode-Scott). This places Canada in a similar position to the rest of the developed nations in the world (Kermode-Scott). This contrasts drastically with the life expectancy of Indigenous peoples in Canada. For example, in that same year the Inuit in Nunavik (the region in Northern Quebec) had a life expectancy average of 66.7 years – a difference of 12.8 years (Kermode-Scott). This region’s life expectancy is between that of the Dominican Republic and Egypt, which are ranked 111 and 112 out of 191 countries in the world with regards to life expectancy(Kermode-Scott).
Private sector has been the driving force behind the growth in the Indian healthcare sector. Expenditure on private hospitals accounts for 66.9% of total healthcare expenditure in India, among the highest in the world. Most healthcare resources in India are with the private sector, which includes 80% of doctors, 26% of nurses, 49% of beds, 78% of ambulatory services, and 60% of inpatient care. On the other Hand, India’s per capita expenditure on healthcare has improved over the years; however, continues to be one of the lowest in the world per capita healthcare expenditure (in USD) India’s per capita expenditure on healthcare is very low compared with developed countries such as the US (per capita healthcare expenditure of USD4,700 in 2010), the UK (USD1,700), Japan (USD2,800), etc. This is primarily on account of low disposable income and low government spend; the Indian government spend on the healthcare sector is among the lowest, accounting for 4.2% of the total GDP (as against 17% in the US in 2010 and over 9% in Japan and the
The project began its implementation in Sorsogon and Surigao del Sur provinces in 2006 and was scheduled for completion in 2013. Sorsogon is one of the six provinces in Bicol region and the fourth largest province with a population of 709.673. It is also poorer than other regions with a prevalence of poverty among families of 43.5% in 2006. Nevertheless, through only 1 year implementation of the project (2006- 2007), Sorsogon showed a steep decline in the actual number of maternal deaths from 42 to only 24. Other provinces also reported declines but of lesser magnitude.
In the Integrated Provincial Health Office, one medical doctor serves 3-4 municipalities, one midwife 3-4 villages and one volunteer health worker for every village health station. CFSI on the other hand only has 23 contracted employees and community-based partners, 16 teacher and six “family support workers” trained in-house. Eight of the ten field office workers being muslim. (Lee, 2008). The regions NCR, III, and IV-A have a higher proportion of government health workers in the public sector than other more remote regions like that of Mindanao.