However, using Penders’ Health Promotion Model, it is possible to advance the nutritional practice of the affected people. It can assist in planning and changing unhealthy practices to promote health. Evidence indicates that it is effective in controlling unhealthy behaviors. This Health Promotion Model is anchored on the social cognitive theory because the influence of engaging in health-promoting behaviors lies on the perceptual factors of the perceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy (Khodaveisi et al. 2017).
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the first and broadly used theory of health behavior. (3)see Abraham and Sheeran, 2005, for a recent review).It was developed to understand peoples’ beliefs about whether they are at risk for a certain disease or health problem, and their perceptions to seek prevention mechanisms or early detection and treatment (50,20,36,93).The HBM states that health behavior is constructed by two cognitions: perceptions of illness threat and evaluation of behaviors to counteract this threat. Threat perceptions are based on perceived susceptibility of the individual to the illness and the perceived severity of the consequences of the illness for the individual. Similarly, evaluation of possible responses involves consideration
This paper delves into the subject of health, which is interpreted in a wide array of views depending on one’s cultural background and values. We will take a look at Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model and how that is incorporated into my family’s health practices. With a combination of a Western and tradition Chinese upbringing, I will evaluate on how my experiences growing up have both positively and negatively affected my personal definition of health and health practices. There is no singular definition of health. Some would say it is the absence of illness.
What is health promoting? “a process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of their health and in turn to improve, their health” (WHO,1986) therefore the key words her are process and that indicates that it is not a one-off or isolated event and enabling and that indicates that people do not do things to people rather we, we facilitate opportunities and interventions programs and so on that allow people to have control and agency in relation to their own health therefore in saying that health promoting represents a social process and political process and it does not just embrace strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals and population and also means that we are changing the social and environmental and economic conditions so as to alleviate the impact on the health of the population and individual health.
This model allowed me to gain a more in depth understanding of my experience, thus improving my own personal and professional development. The model allows health care professionals to reflect on experiences and find ways to improve their outcomes of different events. It not only looks at the situation but allows you to explore your feelings at the time of the event, as well as at the end of the reflective process. The model gives health care an opportunity to review their actions and explore what could have been improved with regards to their experiences (De Oliveira and Tuohy,
350). Due to the increase in accountability of FNPs to provide safe, quality, and cost-effective health care, it is imperative that the nurse is fully prepared for practice as a nurse practitioner (NP). The outcome of the NP’s role transition can be inhibited or promoted by different transition conditions, such as the environment, availability of resources, support, and nursing experience. All of which fall into the lines of Meleis’s types of transition, making the process complex and multidimensional (Meleis, et al., 2000, p. 18). The role of nurse practitioners has extended in practice to provide comprehensive care.
In health education for example, some of the main players - as regards health systems components- are mainly the human resources for health ( nurses educating pregnant mothers on breastfeeding and health facility delivery), service delivery ( health education sessions offered to groups in a specialised clinic) and pharmaceutical and technology used to treat an infected patient. Health promotion, however, goes beyond boundaries of the health facility and/or health systems and into the community; infrastructure improved to allow supply of clean water to prevent cholera and other water-borne diseases, media announcements for mass screening campaigns against e.g. cervical cancer, policies and laws formulated to govern road safety, police officers tasked with ensuring motor vehicle safety, and many more. Regardless of the varied scope of the health education and promotion, theories of socio-cognitive behaviour change can still be used at all levels of health interventions (7, 8). Both health education and health promotion are swallowed up in the term health promotion and both are considered during health
Health Belief Model The health belief model in behavioural psychology is termed as an ‘expectancy-value’ model. It means that the model assumes that an individual takes an action based on their evaluation of the most likely outcome of engaging in a new or of changing existing behaviour. The model is very popular and has proven its durability in the field of health education. It details the complex relationship between motivation, health behaviour and outcome. Development of the Model Hochbaum originally developed this model based on interviews he conducted during the 1950s.
In 2011, the Health service executive released a health promotion strategy framework which commits to improving and promoting the health of the population. This framework is an essential part of the healthcare process as it will empower healthcare professional to deliver holistic patient centred care. Ultimately, the goal of the healthcare professional is to inspire patients to have control over and improve their overall health (The Ottawa Charter, 1986). Nurses play a vital role within this process as they are in a “unique position to not only accommodate change, but to also help patients endure the path to change (Dart, 2010). In order for nurses to help change a patient’s perspective of their lifestyle, they must incorporate the use of motivational interviewing into their practice.