Health Promotion Model In Nursing

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Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. In the past, most individuals and societies viewed good health, or wellness, as the opposite or absence of disease. This simple attitude ignores states of health between disease and good health. Health is a multidimensional concept and must be viewed from a broader perspective in assessment of the client 's state of health is an important aspect of nursing. Models of health offer a perspective to understand the relationships between…show more content…
A person 's state of health, wellness, or illness depends on individual values, personality, and lifestyle. The health belief model considers the relationship between a person 's health beliefs and health behaviours. The health promotion model highlights factors that increase individual well-being and self-actualization. Holistic health models of nursing promote optimal health by incorporating active participation of clients in improving their health state. Health promotion activities help maintain or enhance health.. Wellness education. Teaches clients how to care for themselves. illness prevention activities protect against health threats and thus maintain an optimal level of health. Nurses emphasize health promotion, wellness enhancing strategies, and illness prevention activities as important forms of health care because they assist clients in maintaining and improving health. The goal of a total health program is to improve a client 's level of well-being in all dimensions, not just physical health. Total health programs are based on the belief that many factors can affect a person 's level of health. The following categories are identified as important determinants of health status (Edelman and Mandle,2002) : tobacco use, nutrition, alcohol use, habit of taking drug use, driving, exercise, sexuality and contraceptive or barrier use, family relationships, risk factor modification, coping and…show more content…
The three levels of preventive care are primary, secondary, and tertiary. Risk factors threaten health, influence health practices, and are important considerations in illness prevention activities. Improvement in health may involve a change in health behaviours. Illness behaviour like health practices is influenced by many variables and must be considered by the nurse when planning care. Illness can have many effects on the client and family, including changes in behaviour and emotions, family roles and dynamics, body image, and self-concept. Nurses can identify actual and potential risk factors that predispose a person or a group to illness. In addition, the nurse may use risk factor modification strategies to promote health and wellness and prevent illness. When illness does occur, different attitudes about illness cause people to react in different ways to illness or the illness of a family member. Medical sociologists call the reaction to illness, illness behaviour. I can able to understand how clients react to illness can minimize the effects of illness and assist clients and their families in maintaining or returning to the highest level of

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