It is well acknowledged today that many low-income countries will have considerable difficulties w.r.t healthcare services. The lack of adequate financial investment, the fragmentation of the delivery of health services, and reduced quality are considered key hindrances to the successful employment of health programs. For this reason, the core focus should be on aiding national and regional decision-makers and managers choose effective planned interventions. 2. Dimensions of Quality Any health organization should pursue to make developments in six areas or dimensions of quality.
Beach, Saha, and Cooper (2006) concisely summarize the prominence of cultural competency in the following manner: “Both patient-centeredness and cultural competence aim to improve health care quality, but each emphasizes different aspects of quality. The primary goal of the patient-centeredness movement has been to provide individualized care and restore an emphasis on personal relationships. It aims to elevate quality for all patients. Alternatively, the primary aim of the cultural competence movement has been to increase health equity and reduce disparities by concentrating on people of color and other disadvantaged populations” (p. 7). Culturally competent nurses advocates for patients regardless of cultural differences.
Leading to better health outcomes through a systematic focus on allocating the use of resources in the most cost-effective manner while maintaining quality of care quality improvements allow a health care facility to evolve and improve. According to Huber (2014), quality is defined as the characteristics and pursuit of excellence. The purpose of this paper is to explain the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction’s quality improvement management structure, including the program goals and objectives, the methodology and management of improvement projects, the process of nursing input for quality improvements, staff training and communication of quality improvement projects, and finally, past examples of successful quality improvement
Cultural competence can be define as obtaining cultural information about patients and then applying the knowledge in order to improve nursing care and patients health status. In today’s Australian health care professional have to be culturally competent and sensitive to other people culture as they have to deal with patients of diverse social, economical, political and cultural environment with different belief system. According to 2012 census data by Australian bureau of statistics out of total population only 2.5% identified themselves as Torres strait islander people and 26% of them are immigrant and further 20% having one parent born
Quality Improvement In nursing, patient care and safety is the main goal. Quality improvement is one way to help ensure that patient care and safety remain the number one goal in healthcare. Quality improvement (QI) is the process in which quality of patient care is continuously monitored for effectiveness. All disciplines of the healthcare team should be involved in QI to ensure the best outcome. “The major premises of QI are as follows: focus on organizational mission, continuous improvement, customer orientation, leadership commitment, empowerment, and collaboration/crossing boundaries, focus on process, and focus on data and statistical thinking” (TAYLOR 334).
Cultural Competence Through an in-depth reading of many of the literature of international social work, we find it difficult to find a definition or a unified meaning of cultural competence, but nevertheless, I will try to shed light on the most important meanings of cultural competence concept. The concept of cultural competence began to appear in the literature in the United States in the 1980s Bartoli(20013, p 49) and was a reflection of the migration movement since the fifties of the last century and thus led to the migration of America to the emergence and growth of different ethnic and ethnic groups, which also led to the existence of different cultural, religious, linguistic and health needs increased of its complexity because of its experiences in displacement and violence in all its forms.
It is frequently implied that notions of equality are equitable, although there is commonly a lack of clarity as to what entity should be equal, such as income, wealth, opportunity, capacity, or health condition and health services . In practice, health equity is concerned with one or more of the four main factors: health outcomes; healthcare utilization/access; health care financing; and responsiveness. Heath outcomes. Healthcare access refers to the equal treatment for medical needs, irrespective of other characteristics of patients such as: income, age, race, and place of residence. Similarly, healthcare financing has often been place with a more general framework for evaluating the performance of the healthcare systems.
Cultural competence is defined as a knowledge and understanding of cultures, histories and contemporary realities and awareness of protocols, combined with the proficiency to engage and work effectively in a cultural context congruent to the expectations of the people of that culture. (Universities Australia, 2011). The term cultural competence in health care refers to both the actions of the practitioner and their duty of care for the patient. This means that the care provided must be considered safe by the person receiving the care not the person providing it. (Victorian Government
Quality improvement interventions in health care system Introduction Quality improvement is defined as systematic and uninterrupted actions that lead to measurable progress in health care services and the health status of targeted population/patient. it can also be defined as a direct correlation between the level of improved health services and the desired health outcomes of individuals and Quality is precisely associated to an organization 's service delivery method. Aims for Healthcare Quality Improvement The aim of quality improvement in health care system includes:- 1. To provide safe care to patient so as to avoid injuries related to poor planning or poor quality of care. 2.
It is to fully understand your patients, to engage in a dialogue with them while respecting their culture, their values and their experiences. The concept of cultural competencies goes beyond awareness. Organizations that have demonstrated culturally appropriate care or services are actively identifying and removing barriers that prevent their clients from accessing and participating in their programs and services.5,6 Healthcare providers must therefore receive relevant training that allow them to question themselves, evaluate a situation, make a judgment and try a strategy, an action that they can evaluate and choose to try again or not. Intercultural communication is therefore one of the new skills required by culturally sensitive intervention. However, healthcare providers do not always have the skills and expertise to maximize its use in meetings/interactions with their ethnocultural patients.