The Health Belief Model is a conceptual framework that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains changes in health-related behavior. Key elements of the Health Belief Model focus on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors. The Health Belief Model can be used to design short- and long-term programs. The model 's predictive ability varies depending on the ability to gauge the presence of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, cues to action, and the sense of self-efficacy among the target population.
Its determination is to associate patients to their data to improve the capability to generate a simplicity in sharing this data amongst the multiple health facilities patients visit. UPIs engendered by Electron Health Records (EHR) data can be manipulated by other healthcare systems including hospitals, pharmacies, insurance companies, patients, clinical research firms or diagnostic medical devices. These entities allocate data to be encapsulated, assembled, managed and then interconnected together universally. According to the article, Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes: A User 's Guide, “PIM has become crucial in order to (1) enable health record document consumers to obtain trusted views of their patient subjects, (2) facilitate data linkage projects, (3) abide by the current regulations concerning patient information–related transparency, privacy, disclosure, handling, and documentation,2 and (4) make the most efficient use of limited health care resources by reducing redundant data collection.” (Gliklich, R. E., & Dreyer, N. A., 2010). Currently, UPIs have previously become embedded into the U.S. healthcare system to some degree.
7 / D.P7: Explain how different procedures maintain health and safety in a selected health or social care setting Maintaining health and safety in health and social care is extremely important to ensure the health, safety and wellbeing of all their service users as well as other individuals service providers may come in contact with in the setting. There are several procedures that help to maintain this health and safety however they can all vary between settings for example, health and safety procedures will be slightly different and more focused on certain areas in hospitals and especially in paediatric ward compared to in drop-in centres where the needs and risk to service users are slightly different. Some of the procedures used in health and social care to maintain health and safety include; infection control and prevention, safe moving and handling of equipment and individuals, food preparation and storage, storage and administration of medication and storage and disposal of hazardous substances. In the paediatric ward in hospitals infection control and prevention is very important. Service users in hospital are much more prone to infections and diseases as they are already unwell therefore extra precautions are always taken.
Assignment: Outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health, safety and security influence health and social care settings. Go on to describe how those legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in your health or social care setting. Policies, procedures and legislation are found in every establishment. They are required to have them in place in order to protect and keep the employers, employees and service users safe. Legislations in an establishment are a groups of laws set by the government that must be followed otherwise an individual will be prosecuted.
In addition, a framework allowing health professionals to use knowledge, skills, and experience to their full scope of practice. There are a variety of methods available to achieve the best IPC possible. One way is the usage care pathways. Care pathways are defined as “multidisciplinary tools that can be used to introduced the best clinical practice, to ensure that the most appropriate management occurs at the most appropriate time, and that is provided by the most important health professional,” (cite). The overall goal of care pathways is to improve the quality of patient care.
This research may also contribute to and support capacity building and sustainability for researchers, decision-makers, regulatory bodies, employers and provider groups as well as others, in their journey toward high-functioning interprofessional collaborative teams. This study will focus on individual healthcare practitioners in maternal newborn and low-risk obstetrical service delivery. Identifying barriers to interprofessional collaborative practice may result in positive changes to the delivery of low-risk obstetrical care. Positive changes may include better cooperation, mutual trust, communication and a focus on shared knowledge and decision-making. Also, it is anticipated that the synergistic integration and active involvement of these providers in the care of patients and families, may improve healthcare outcomes and resource allocation overall.
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g.
Audit observe practice on how the staffs works and the resources they use if its effective and appropriate, they also collect data to know if the organisation is meeting the standards they set REF. Data can be from computerised records or manual collection. Audit gather feedbacks from the patients, family, carers and staffs to know if the service they are receiving or giving met the standard criterial set for the organisation. REF Policy refer to a plan adopted by health care organisation to achieve a set of goals REF while standard are designed to assist health care organisation to deliver safe and high quality care to the patient REF and quality refer to a maximum standard of something that meets customer’s needs (Wicks and Roethlein
According to CDC -The social determinants of health are the environment, conditions and system in which people are born, live and work. These environments are formed by a different forces that have a direct influence on the status of health such as economics, politics, and social policies. ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Many different factors have direct impact on state of health of individual, such as: diet, sex, age, smoking and alcohol use, income , environment where person live, insurance coverage and access to healthcare services ( quality ) and education level, social support, community safety. All these factors significantly contribute to well and how long we live.
However, these needs can vary individual to individual regarding their personal characteristics, pathology, and health care settings. Thus, health professionals need to understand patient needs and react in accordance (Hills & Kitchen, 2007; Hills & Kitchen, 2007b). Johnson (1996) attempted to compare Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the normative model (Theory of caregiver motivation or hierarchy of patient outcomes encompasses classification systems for healthcare outcomes proposed by Brook et al., (1977), Donabedian (1982) and Lohr (1988)) to understand what optimizes patient satisfaction and quality of health care. According to the normative model, patient outcomes from health service are classified into four outcome groups, disease eradication, patient performance, general health and patient satisfaction in ascending order of hierarchy. Johnson proposed as the most basic need physiological needs of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs is parallel to disease eradication outcome in health service; safety needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to patient performance outcome, esteem and love needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to general health outcome and self-actualization needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to patient satisfaction outcome, respectively.