Health System In Belize

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A country’s population is its most important resource. Thus, a country requires a healthy population in order for it to function well and meet its goals. According to the Central Bank of Belize Annual report, Belize’s population is approximately 375,900 (2016). Regardless of its small population, Belize encounters many issues including that of its health system. The attempt towards creating a better health system cannot be ignored; however, rural areas such as the Southern districts of the country are still overlooked. Research done on the country’s health system structure, its epidemiological profile and engagement in global initiative advocate for the establishment of health facilities in the southern region of the nation.

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Few researchers from the U.S National Library of Medicine have developed ten key principles for successful health systems Integration (Suter, Oelke, Adair & Armitage, 2009). Among these principles are comprehensive services across the continuum of care, patient focus, information systems and governance structure (2009). Even though the research focused on the Canadian health system, Belize has begun to adopt some of the principles. To demonstrate, Belize’s health system used to operate in a vertical program system but after consultations with various key stakeholders across the health level, the Ministry of Health changed the vertical system into an integrated Health Care system (Ministry of Health & PAHO, 2009). In addition, the Ministry reorganized its services into four health regions; namely, Northern, Central, Western and Southern regions headed by regional health managers (2009). In 2014, the Ministry’s Strategic Plan Committee decided to launch the Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP) with foundation on the WHO system thinking approach and it seeks to systematically apply the current knowledge and future investments to generate new ideas to improve the overall health of the country (Belize…show more content…
Sometimes, however, these elements get ignored when in reality these are key factors that can help towards improving the overall health system. Factors such as those linked to genetic and biological differences. Social variables are identified as a source of health inequalities grouped into three categories; namely, social, structural, behavioural and psychological factors (Denton, Prus & Walters, 2003). Beyond that, its documented a relationship between health, inequalities and socio-economic inequalities income, education, occupational status and employment status. The vulnerability hypothesis proposed that women’s health differs from men’s because they also react in different ways to factors that determine health (Denton, Prus, & Walters, 2003). In the same way, the Ministry of Health report indicates that the social determinants of health includes relevant education, poverty, access to clean water, improved housing with adequate spacing and other indirect causes such as behavioural behaviour lifestyle choices and other environmental factors (MOH/PAHO,

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