Healthcar Maslach Burnout Theory

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Introduction
In the health care profession, many years of training and study are mandatory before professionals attain the knowledge and skills required to be a safe practicing employee. This time spent in preparation is by no means a small factor. Behind every student are faculty members and preceptors who’ve invested time and effort into cultivating a young professional. In healthcare personnel, the reality of losing anyone one person of its workforce may conclude with undistributed work-related pressure spread out across the remaining workforce. For instance, if one nurse practitioner or physician quits their profession, that place of employment must spend the energy and finances to locate and orientate a new provider to that facility. Consequently, patients whom were actively being treated by that provider must either locate other providers or wait to see if the next provider “filling the void” is acceptable. When assessing employment longevity in healthcare, one could say that the repercussions created by employment turnover in the
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Maslach & Jackson (1981) described the phenomenon “burnout” as a state of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decreased personal accomplishment that can be experienced by any working person. Attempting to interpret the frustrations causing disgruntlement and ultimately burnout among employees, Maslach and Jackson devised the Maslach Burnout Inventory to help interpret the emotion status of health care employees. Maslach and Jackson divide burnout into three subcategories: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment, with each category playing an important role into the assessment of mental health of healthcare professionals. This sub sectioning of burnout as defined by Maslach and Jackson makes the Maslach Burnout Inventory the most widely used and recognized tool in the assessment of burnout among healthcare

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