Socioeconomic status, described by sociologists, is “any measure that attempts to classify groups, individuals, families, or household in terms of indicators such as occupation, income, wealth, and education.” (Conley, 256). They are classified into general classes that include upper class, middle class, working class, and poor. These classes can also affect a person’s health, as being in the upper class can allow you to access most, if not all, medical treatment necessary, whereas the lower status would not be able to due to the lack of money. Being the minority in a race or having low social status can influence health and longevity in many ways.
Dean Gaylord According to our textbook, In the US whites hold a significant advantage in health and longevity. The life expectancy for whites is averaged at 79.0 years compared with African Americans at 75.3. Those statistics were provided in the textbook by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012c. The textbook also talked about how during Bill Clintons presidency David Satcher a surgeon made the reduction of health disparities by race one of his primary goals.
According to the article Why Women Live Longer than Men women, as a group, live longer than men. In all developed countries and most undeveloped ones, women outlive men, sometimes by a margin of as much as 10 years. In the U.S., life expectancy at birth is about 79 years for women and about 72 years for men. The gender discrepancy is most pronounced in the very old: among centenarians worldwide, women outnumber men nine to one. The gender gap has widened in this century as gains in female life expectancy have exceeded those for
The lower SES have poor dietary and exercise habits. These habits lead into smoking and higher levels of stress. The higher SES have more education and can make better choices to prevent these habits from beginning and essentially preventing the heart disease. In conclusion, two completely different methods of death but they still targeted the same
In United States, one of the explanation of the phenomena of high infant mortality is heterogeneous ethnic/ racial make-up of the population (David 2014). “Indeed, African American infants currently experience more than twice the risk of dying in their first year of life compared with White infants. (David
After reviewing Healthy People 2020 goals for maternal, infants, and child I can see that an APN can play many different roles to achieve these goals. The main role of an APN in the primary care setting is of educator, patient’s advocate, and care coordinator. As a primary care provider, an APN plays an important role in health promotion and disease prevention across the life span by supporting and providing needed education and information. APNs also facilitate quality care and provide treatments to improve the quality of life, reduce pain, suffering, and prevent further progress of the disease. There are several ways an APN can help achieve Healthy People 2020 goals for maternal, child and infants health. For example low income women may
So why is life expectancy so important to know? If you know a country’s life expectancy, you know the country’s healthcare technology, economics, education, and etc. (Khalsa). Will women still have a higher life expectancy in the future too? How can the life expectancy of men and women be balanced out?
A centenarian is a person who has achieved one hundred years of age. “A centenarian”, I was unaware there was a word for living longer than a hundred years until watching the TED Talk video by Dan Buettner entitled: How to live to be 100+. In the talk (Jan “09), Buettner who is a National Geographic Explorer, explores the topic of longevity and lifestyle. He believes that much of our lifespan is determined by our lifestyle, not genetic factors. Buettner goes on to acknowledge the Danish Twin Study, in which he states that “only about 10 percent of how long the average person lives, within certain biological limits, is dictated by our genes.
In most parts of the world, women live, on average, longer than men; even so, the disparities vary between 9 years or more in countries such as Sweden and the United States. Middle-aged adults often show visible signs of aging such as loss of skin elasticity and greying of the
The connection between health and economy has been the topic of several studies of which their main goal is to establish the direction of the connection. While it has long been recognized that increased national wealth is associated with improved health, it is only recently that the contribution of better health to economic growth has been recognized. This paper will discuss the effects of good economy on health and of good health on economy.
Life expectancy Life expectancy is an average number of years that a person can expect to live in "full health" by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury (WHOStat 2006). Crude Death/Mortality Rate (CDR) Crude Death Rate or Crude Mortality Rate is the total number of deaths to residents in a specified geographic area such as a country divided by the average total population for the same geographic area for a specified time period and multiplied by 100,000. The term crude means it does not account for age, sex or other variables in any aspects of death. CRUDE DEATH RATE=(Total deaths per year)/(Average Total population of that year)
It is reflective of a country’s net welfare position and circumstances that exist in that country. Life expectancy is associated with socio-economic and economic factors like income, the level of health care, education, sanitation, and other factors such as the availability of clean water, disease and crime. As Mahfuz Kabir (2008) puts it, life expectancy is a function of economic factors and non-economic factors. Based on this assumption, a country life expectancy then becomes dependent on the quality of the combination of factors that exist within that country. The
A. life expectancy: Life expectancy is known as a statistical measured determination which shows how long a person or an organism may live, based on the year of the birth, the recent age, the persons living condition and other demographic factors including the gender. The life expectancy in developed countries is different from developing countries. The life expectancy in developed countries is higher than developing countries. The reason is the developed countries with better medication and their style of life. The developing countries still have the problem of medication, food and clean water.
The average life expectancy has increased over the last century; the average life expectancy for women is 80 years while men are expected to live to about 75 years old. The population of older adults over the age of 65 years is expected to increase from 35 million in 2000 to 70 million by the year 2030. Aging is a slow decline in the ability of an organism to resist stress, damage, and disease. As the human body ages there are physical and biological changes that occur as well. The lifestyles that we chose to live have a large impact positively and negatively in the way we age.