BACKGROUND- Clavicle fractures are one of the most common bone injuries seen in adult population. Generally all the fracture clavicles were treated non-surgically by figure-eight bandage and surgical intervention like plating with cortical screws is infrequently required. Non-union rates, strength and endurance deficits are familiar in cases treated conservatively. We evaluated functional and radiological outcomes in non operative versus operative management of fracture clavicle, in patients visiting to orthopedic OPD in a tertiary care hospital in Andhra Pradesh. METHODS In a prospective clinical trial study of 80 patients, with displaced mid-shaft fractures of the clavicle were referred to Ortho OPD in a tertiary care hospital.
He was in the hospital for 98 das, and suffered many other major problems related to his brain injury. He had softening of certain affected areas in the brain, low blood pressure, kidney failure, pneumonia, the dangerous infection sepsis, temporary cardiac arrest and an inability to walk and talk. Years later, he has regained most of his speech but still has some cognitive problems and uses a wheelchair to get
DISCUSSION The use of a pneumatic tourniquet may be associated with local complications including limb paralysis, nerve, muscle, vessel, skin damages and other injuries such as compartment syndrome (1-3). Clinical and experimental studies showed that nerve conduction abnormalities and muscle dysfunctions occur after 30-45 minutes of tourniquet application in more than 70 % of lower extremity surgeries which persisted up to 6 months and correlated with impaired postoperative function and delayed recovery after tourniquet use. Moreover, it has been suggested that incidence of these abnormalities may be underreported (4).These abnormalities have been attributed to length of ischemia period as well as excessive inflation pressures used. As a goal,
Most rare finding is splenic rupture(18-19). Also in our case no spesific symptom or sign was present. İn this case report; an advance stage HCC patient which has no spesific symptom, incidentally detected and has rarely seen multiple splenic metastases was summarized. İn our country a case report including 2 cases about this subject is present(8). İn conclusion; it shouldnt be forgotten that HCC can metastate to spleen even it is rarely seen and HCC should be considered when the splenic metastases were
Subacute subdural hematoma of the left hemisphere with subacute subdural hematoma midline moving from right hemisphere Chronic subdural hematoma constitutes slowly over a period of several weeks, sometimes months, following a minor trauma that may go unnoticed. Chronic subdural hematoma chronic subdural hematoma Extradural hematomas usually occur secondary fractures and blood collection is located between the skull and the outer skins covering the brain (dura). Extradural hematoma extraduralHematom Head trauma is associated with a high proportion of other organ trauma and limb therefore trauma patient must receive care and treatment in a specialized center capable of providing intensive care to critically ill patients and treatment appropriate surgical, orthopedic, thoracic surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, etc. Treatment: In case of loss of consciousness, the patient must first be stabilized in terms of breathing (airway), the blood circulation (stopping bleeding), then have stabilized neck (collar immobilization) and head. These maneuvers are usually at the crash site by trained personnel of salvation, before the patient to reach the
Germany is another country that appreciates their liberty of gun ownership, as America does. In 2014, 1.45 million German civilians are reported to have registered for $5.5 million worth of firearms. However, Germany’s crime rate in the mid-2010s was only 0.05 per 1,000 people. One might question that if the citizens love firearms so much, why is there hardly any crime? The answer is crystal clear: Germany enforces its laws.
The reason for this is perhaps most clearly shown by looking at the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage. This varied from 0.9% to 35% among the 16 studies (Table 2). The variation in the ICH prevalence rates is mainly explained by the variability in the inclusion criteria. Those studies that had low prevalence rates studied every patient that was treated for head injury attending the emergency department, whereas the studies with high prevalence rates used criteria such as ‘all children admitted for observation with loss of consciousness’. A second reason that may have contributed to the heterogeneity is the definition of intracranial haemorrhage used in each study.
Healthy people, MTL/D patients and FL patients were tested about the tragedy of September 11. They answered about the target event (what happened on that day) and reception event (how they learned about it). When these patients were tested after six months to check their long term retention two hypotheses were observed. One is the memory for facts about the target event are impaired in MTL/D patients but not in FL
There was a study conducted by Boston University in which they found that approximately 85% of university students self-report a discomfort and pain associated with backpack usage. The American Occupational Therapy Association Inc. (AOTA) stated that in year 2007, more than 2,000 backpack related injuries treated at hospital emergency rooms, doctor’s offices and clinics in America. They also said that, the cause of body pain or discomfort or fatigue is due to extra pressure exert on the body by carrying heavy backpack, or schoolbag that have shoulder straps without padding. The pain felt by schoolchildren may be described as pins and needles, tingling, stiffness, numbness or tightness. 1.2.
In contrast to light, sound propagates much slower (330 m/sec) than light (300,00 km/sec) which could be explained during a thunderstorm where a flash comes first, and a thunder comes after a few seconds. Sound can be described by its wavelength and amplitude. The wavelength determines the frequency of the sound in Hertz unit (Hz) and a sound with a frequency of 1 Hz has a wavelength of 1 second. However, the amplitude determines the loudness of the sound that is described in decibels (dB). The larger the amplitude, the louder the sound.
Dr. Frank Conidi analyzed the brains of 40 former NFL football players who averaged seven years in the league, and had been retired from the league for less than five years. All had brain images using sophisticated MRI, and 43% showed that the white matter of the brain had damage, which is responsible for attaching the nerve cells among separate regions. The length of the damage has been just enough to be classified as traumatic brain injury. Thirty percent showed derangement that neurons used to interact with each other- compromised connections is one of the leading causes of many brain disorders and is the first sign of bad brain health (Alice Park). Conidi has found out that the more years a player plays in the NFL, the more likely he was to show symptoms of the disease TBI.
Mental health regarding a person 's psychological and emotional well-being, can greatly be affected by states of war or terror. The Military Health Policy Research expressed that twenty percent of those who serve in Iraq or Afghanistan suffer from depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). With the majority of those personnel have experienced a traumatic brain injury. Approximately two point one million veterans received mental health treatment from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs from 2006-2010. This is a fairly low number for twenty percent of all active duty suffer from PTSD.
Events such as death, being wounded can mentally shut a person down, research has shown that traumatic events such as this caused veterans to end up homeless. Veteran affairs which are known as VA have treated more than 230,000 patients for serious mental illness such Bipolar Disorder and many patients have died about 13 to 18 years younger than the regular population Davis, C. L. (2012). There was a study for veteran participants for mood disorders (CIVIC-MD), and the purpose of the study was to identify amend individuals and treatment factors connected to harmful outcomes with Bipolar Disorder Copeland, L. A. (2009). Homelessness in VA patients with Bipolar were reported 12% and 55% in a lifetime, in an analysis there were current medication was freely associated with lower risk of lifetime homelessness (odds ratio [OR] = 0.80 per point range 0-4; 95% confidence level interval [CI]= 0.66, 0.96) Bipolar is caused by homelessness in
What would a graph of pressure in the canister vs. time after spark ignition look like? At the beginning it would be zero and when you ignite it the pressure rapidly increases then once it hits the ground again the pressure would decrease rapidly(Getting a Bang Out of Breath Spray). The mass of the object being launched is equal to the mass of the reactants(Helmenstin, Anne