Mitral valve regurgitation is one of the few heart conditions you may unknowingly have for years and learn to live with the affects of this condition before ever being diagnosed. Mitral valve regurgitation occurs when the mitral valve is letting blood leak backward into the upper chambers of the heart. The mitral valve is located between your heart’s two left chambers . Mitral valve regurgitation, or mitral insufficiency as it is known, is a common heart valve disorder.
Cardiomyopathy can occur from the lack of dystrophin on the heart muscles. Cardiomyopathy makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. The heart becomes weak and swollen. It is not able to pump enough blood throughout the body, which will cause life-threatening results.
2.Heart failure symptoms can include shortness of breath while sleeping or walking. Symptoms can show signs of chest pain or anxiety from stress. There are multiple signs and symptoms a person should look out for, such as dizziness, fatigue, rapid irregular heartbeat, or even swelling in the ankles, legs, and feet. But, in some cases there may be no symptoms at all. 3.Heart Failure can affect anyone of age, including infants, toddlers, children, teens, adults, and the elderly.
Christina Markevich 10/29/2015 Congestive Heart Failure What is Congestive Heart Failure? Congestive Heart Failure is something that occurs when the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood to the rest of the body, or when is just is not able to pump blood as well as it should. Some people happen to have either of these problems, some people have both.
Right-sided heart failure is when the cardiac muscle on the right side of the heart becomes too weak to pump a sufficient amount of deoxygenated blood to the lungs. It is usually a complication of various conditions including lung diseases such as emphysema. This means that less oxygenated blood is taken from the lungs by the pulmonary veins and transported to the left side of the heart to then be pumped around the body. It can also produce a back-up of blood in the vessels within the body. This failure to pump sufficient blood to the lungs results in a build-up of fluid, which is known as oedema.
Congestive Heart Failure Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (ADHF) is a clinical syndrome of worsening signs or symptoms of heart failure requiring hospitalization or other unscheduled medical care (Felker 2014). ADHF formerly known as congestive heart failure is one of the leading cause for hospitalizations in the United States. ADHF accounts for approximately 1 million hospitalizations per year in the United States (Arnold & Porepa 2012). According to the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry, patients hospitalized with ADHF have a substantial risk of in-hospital mortality and rehospitalization. Pathophysiology
Summary of Article 1 Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is the inability of the heart to pump blood effectively throughout the body due to weakened heart muscles. Most of the aging population, regardless of the gender, often have this problem due compromised cardiopulmonary system. People who suffers from heart failure experience fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and general debility. This affects how an individual performs his or her daily chores.
Congested heart failure (CHF) is one of the leading causes of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). There have been research studies conducted to provide evidence-based practice in decreasing the effects of CHF. There is evidence that links exercise, diet, and education as key factors that decreases mortality and morbidity in patients with CHF. All healthcare settings can utilize and implement evidence-based practice when caring for patients with CHF. Nurses should promote education about CHF and the benefits of regular exercise and diet (Smart, 2010).
Bradycardia is when the heart beat is slower than normal 21. Cardioplegia is a procedure that is used to stop the heart activity for a short period of time. This type of procedure is used for heart surgeries. 22. Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease that causes the muscle to become enlarged and stiff.
The low amount of blood delivered to the kidneys causes inadequate renal perfusion. When this happens, renin is released to secrete aldosterone, a vasoconstrictor that promotes sodium and fluid retention. Aldosterone increases the preload to increase the systolic volume (Moreau, 2006). However, this is counterproductive in the long run because an increase in the preload will wear out the heart by working double time as well as increasing lung congestion. The heart failure causes multiple organ failure in chronic conditions such as altered digestion, decreased brain perfusion
Myocardial Infarction which is another word for Heart-attack. When you have an heart-attack your blood is not getting to your heart's muscle. This means your arteries are clogged. Blood is pumped through your arteries to all of the parts in your body. If you have a heart condition you shouldn't smoke, you should diet and exercise, you should watch your Blood Pressure if you have to take medication for your Blood Pressure make sure you take the prescribed medication.
Plaque consists of cholesterol, fatty substances, waste products, calcium, and the clot-making substance called fibrin. Over time, plaque deposits on your artery walls, causing them to become narrow and stiff. This plaque will limit or stop blood flow to your heart muscle. Consequently, if your heart does not get enough blood, it can't get the oxygen and nutrients it needs to work properly. Not getting enough blood supply to your heart muscle can lead to chest discomfort or pain, also known as angina.
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease is a general term that describes the disease of the heart or the blood vessels. These diseases can include many categories, some of which includes, angina, abnormal blood pressure for the age group, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, abnormal pulse, hypertensive emergency and others which will be discussed later on. The cardiovascular system is actually made up of a few parts, including the heart, blood and all the blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries) in the body.
Heart failure does not signify our heart has failed or stopped up beating. It means that our heart, which is a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of our body, is not working as well as it should and cannot pump as much blood as our body needs. when our heart's pumping action lessens, blood can back up in our lungs, liver, or legs. This be able to cause shortness of breath, leg swelling and other problems. In addition, organs in our body might not obtain the oxygen and nutrients they want to function properly.