Heathcliff And The Monster Analysis

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Body “We are dominated by a desire for gratification and an aversion to anything which might frustrate it.” “Literature is fundamentally intertwined with the psyche.” “Psychoanalytic literary criticism emerges specifically from a therapeutic technique which the Viennese neurologist Sigmund Freud developed for the treatment of hysteria and neurosis at the end of the nineteenth century.” The treatment “consists of an interchange of words between a patient and an analyst, the latter draws the patient’s attention to signs of forgotten or repressed memories which perturb his or her speech.” Psychoanalysis uncovers the mysteries of the lost memories of childhood. Repression is described as a psychological effort to circumvent one’s desires and repressed memories by banning the desire from one’s consciousness and constraining it in the unconscious. The desires are partially influenced by occurrences in someone’s childhood that have been forgotten from the memory. Repression can lead to irrational, self destructive or antisocial manner. Denial is another psychological defense mechanism. Denial “is a person’s choice to deny reality, as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.” This essay approaches the scrutiny of the lives of Heathcliff and The Monster from a psychoanalytic perspective. In order to examine how the divided self has impacted the character’s decisions and relationships, it is necessary to focus on two predominant defense mechanisms of denial

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