Hedonism In Khushwant Singh's I Shall Not Hear The Nightingales

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Hedonism in Khushwant Singh’s I Shall Not Hear the Nightingales The word "hedonism," is derived from the Greek word “hedone”. This term means living and behaving in ways that mean you get as much pleasure out of life as possible. To make it still simple, a hedonist is a one who strives to maximize the net pleasure. As a theory of value, hedonism states that all and only pleasure is inherently valuable and all and only pain is inherently not valuable. Both physical and mental phenomena are included. Generally, only pleasure or pain is a trigging force which motivates a being. Philosophers commonly distinguish between two types of hedonism the one is psychological hedonism and the other is ethical hedonism. Psychological hedonism is the observation that humans are psychologically constructed in such a way that we exclusively desire pleasure. Ethical hedonism is the observation that our fundamental moral obligation is to maximize pleasure. This happiness is comprehended, as adding or added in all pleasant feeling or experience like ease, delight, ecstasy, elation, enjoyment, euphoria, exhilaration, exultation, gladness, gratification, gratitude, joy, fancy, love, relief, satisfaction, tranquillity, and many more. This particular theory is applied by more number of authors in their literary works. They have experienced the same in literary and spiritual world even. Renaissance philosophers Erasmus (1466-1536) revived hedonism and argued that its emphasis on pleasure was in

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