Hedonism in Khushwant Singh’s I Shall Not Hear the Nightingales The word "hedonism," is derived from the Greek word “hedone”. This term means existing and acting in ways that mean you get as much joy out of life as possible. To make it still simple, a hedonist is a one who attempts to maximize the sum pleasure. As a theory of value, hedonism states that all and only pleasure is inherently valuable and all and only pain is inherently not valuable. Both physical and mental phenomena are included.