Hegel: A Reflection Of Civilism, And Beliefs

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According to class lectures and the article “Hegel Knew There Would Be Days Like These,” the German philosopher, Hegel, demonstrates that although some people consider history merely as a recitation of the past events, history is of a cyclical nature which repeats itself in a dialectic of three stages: A thesis or catalyst, which is a new ideology or movement that intends to change the status quo; this stage is usually extreme and leads to a conflict to create a new world order. Second, an antithesis, which is a reaction to the new ideology, and it attempts to repress change and reserve the current order. Finally, a synthesis or equilibrium, which compromises the old and the new order to create a new status quo (“Hegel”). According to Ibn Khaldun, in his book The Muqaddimah, civilizations have ages just like human beings. Ibn Khaldun estimates the average age of a civilization to be 120 years in three stages as well: First, a civilization is born when a group of people with or without a specific ideology gain enough power to press their claims against the status quo. Second, a civilization reaches equilibrium and start aging. Finally, a civilization dies when a new group is born to press their claims on the status quo. This theory has many similarities with Hegel’s dialectic as it explains history not as a linear progress, but as a frequent changes and fluctuations. Hegel’s dialectic of history and Ibn Khaldun’s theory can be applied with high precision to many historical

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