Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States of America, came into presidency in the midst of an intense Cold War. He came up with a strategy called the Reagan Doctrine, whose aim was to contain the global influence of the Soviet Union and to end the Cold War. It also tried to prevent any more expansions the USSR might make throughout the world. During the majority of the Cold War, there were no direct open military conflict between the US and the Soviet Union. However, there were many instances in which the Cold War may have turned into a real war.
When Stalin died in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev came into power. He brought about huge changes such as the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, the progress of the early Soviet space program, and ‘several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy’. However, as to quote the internet, ‘Hoping eventually to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev 's rule saw the most tense years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Some of Khrushchev 's policies were seen as erratic, particularly by his emerging rivals within the Party, who quietly rose in strength and deposed him in October 1964’.
1. What were the goals of the Soviet Union after WWII? How did American media respond to the Soviet Union 's actions? The Cold War represented a global competition that established political hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union for almost 45 years. From the times of Czarist Russia and the beginning of the American nation, these countries have taken seriously their mission to expand and shape global order.
Both countries were competing to get the first person onto the moon. The Cold War had been raging on between the United States of America and the Soviet Union before the Space Race. There was political and militaristic tension between the communist Soviets and capitalist United States. The Iron Curtain began to develop in Europe, and caused the separation of capitalist and communist nations, inadvertently also causing multiple wars being fought over the issue. One war fought was the Korean War, Northern Korea went communist and Southern Korea wanted to stay capitalist.
“The way we choose to see the world creates the world we see”(Barry Neil Kaufman). Different perspective lead humans to make decisions that lead to conflicts, such as the Cold War. The Cold War was a rivalry between the U.S.S.R (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the U.S.A(United States of America). Cold War had no direct military actions between the countries. Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century.
Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party. After World War II, tensions arose between Russia, then known as the USSR, and the United States. This tension and the events that followed came to be called the Cold War, one of its main events being the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was more destructive than the first. During this Scare, the United States believed that it was constantly under attack from Communists, both from within and outside of the nation 's borders.
During the Cold War, hysteria in the U.S. ensued over the perceived threat of Communism. This mass hysteria became known as ‘The Red Scare’ due to Communist’s loyalty to the red flag. These fears were not totally unfounded, as the USSR had been spying inside America for a long time. The Red Scare became influential to world history by causing leaders to pass acts that would not have been passed otherwise that reduced the Communist Party to a shadow of its past self.. The Red Scare began after World War 2 had ended.
The Soviets were trying over and over to force their culture and the concept of communism on the people inside Berlin. As I have said multiple times previously, this event was one of the first major conflicts of the Cold War. The Cold War was based around political tensions between the United States and their allies who represented democracy and the Soviet Union and their allies who represented communism. This caused obvious differences between the two powerhouses in the world at that time. The United States realized that the Soviet Union can not be allowed to spread the way of communism while putting civilians at potential
Throughout its history, America has found herself involved in many sphere of influence circumstances. The United States in the past two hundred years has been the driving force of Democracies throughout the world. America has been submerged in operations from Latin America to the Middle East. Being this Global Force has created many complicated and messy situations, one of them being the Iran-Contra Affair. In no other reality would the countries Nicaragua and Iran ever come into the same sentence, but these two countries played a critical role in American History.
In the first place, the turbulent post-first world war multipolar system at the time of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 was responsible for a major source of ethnic tension. However, even more relevant to the conflict was the shift from bipolarity to unipolarity in the early 1990s. The fall of the Soviet Union sparked a lengthy chain reaction within Yugoslavia, which eventually led to its dissolution. With the collapse of the iron curtain, the ex-communist sphere of influence was available for the first time in decades; this, in turn led to the European policy of integration, the newly hegemonic US encouraged the westernization of eastern countries. Thus, Slovenia seized an opportunity to assimilate, leading to its concession in 1991.