He accepts the ignorance of total equality that is forced on him, but is contrastingly different from the image of a part of a communal whole. He searches for development of individual morality, but is struck dry by the restrictive society, by which he is forced to be, think, and live like everyone else, average and accepting. However, throughout, Anthem, by Ayn Rand, Equality’s view of morality
We are often inclined to believe that we are self-righteous and selfless. Yet we are also quick to condemn the actions of others whilst being unaware of our own greedy nature. When we are put in situations that demand us to make a choice between helping another individual or ensuring our own survival, we are more likely to choose the thing that can benefit us the most, even if it goes against our morals and our perception of ourselves. This conflict can be seen in Survivor Syndrome that is a short story that was written by Liz Jensen in 2011. It portrays the story of a man by the name Dmitri who is on a quest to capture a picture that embodies human tragedy.
He says “I suppose that the practice of the arts must be mainly kept in the hands of a few highly cultivated men” which is foreshadowing the final argument he makes clear in his last sentence, that the arts should be available to everyone. But first he explains why he thinks the arts play an important role in people’s lives before explicitly stating that final point; “pleasure for the eyes and rest for the mind”. This demonstrates that Morris does not simply think the arts are aesthetically pleasing but he also believes that they can provide a break from everyday
Implicitly, this infers that there is progressive development as the overall life of man is “solitary, poore, nasty, brutish and short.” Even the natural rights of nature that seek to guide humans fail in guiding them through self-preservation. So, men were naturally inclined to act according to their aversions and desires while seeking power as the means to satisfying
Shaw believed that artist makes us insightful to the spitefulness of the world that we believe to be beautiful. Art and artists have a social and moral purpose not just a mean to amuse reader. It purifies the senses of the reader and makes higher their soul. Therefore he emphatically rejected the artistic responsiveness as the whole aim of art. But it is important to comprehend that Shaw does not use morality in the conventional denotation or gist.
Thoreau has to utilize material items as a way to evoke a spiritual outcome, meanwhile Franklin is materialistic so that he does not have to have debt to his creditors. Thoreau believes that everyone should live according to their true passions, because by finding ones passions will allow one to have freedom. Another way to acquire freedom is by minimizing ones need, rather than what one wants. Thoreau argues that luxuries not only acquire excess labor, but also oppress humans spiritually because they are infiltrated with worry and constraint. Since people believe that they need excess possessions to be happy, this forces people to work more and lose their inner freedom along the way to social and economic mobility.
Free will can influence universal morality. Free will can implement a stricter and more rigid form of morality. Without the influence of free will, the need for moral responsibility is absent. Nietzsche believes that free will was created to punish and impute guilt upon people. Free will was not created for that sole purpose but Nietzsche's belief is true.
From World War Two merchant Raoul Wallenberg to past American President Abraham Lincoln, and from economic to biological aspect have shown us proves that it is reasonable and sure that we act upon our self-interest. Some actions may seem selfless but people are actually doing what they want most, through doing what they want, their wants are satisfied. Yet, according to the ethic values nowadays some wants may be harmful to the society for example selling fake product but some wants are actually make the society better off like helping others out. To conclude no matter what we do and no matter they are good or bad, these actions are motivated by self-interest of
contemporary world individualism is becoming the norm of today... It is not something new it has existed for more than a century a century. This is why I will agree with the thesis, “There is a tendency in much contemporary thought to assume that men basically find fulfilment in the satisfaction of their own individual interests. From this perspective human communities such as families, villages, religious organizations, business firms, or trade unions, are seen as sources of restrictions and limitations on the autonomy of individuals (on their freedom from). In other words, there is a tendency to oppose individual and community and to see community basically as a threat to the fulfilment of the individual.
Thus, by overpassing alienation and oppression, man can set the right balance between individualism and collectivism. Initially, emancipation is needed as society constraints the self-determination of men by alienating him from his freedom. As a matter of fact, society is primarily corrupted by the existence of private properties that led to inequalities in society. As for Rousseau, man can be understood by analysing his state of nature. Rousseau defines natural man as a man who is totally self-sufficient; he does not depend on anybody.