Hegemon Stability Theory

1701 Words7 Pages
PLS 395: Independent Studies
Instructor: Mwitta Chacha
Student: Olzhas Kabimoldin

In the current international system the proliferation of the intergovernmental organization and institutions are common feature. Many international relations theories tried to explain this trend of international institutions. One might claim that these institutions are like domestic institutions, but less effective. This paper is going to present the realist explanation of the emergence and endurance of the intergovernmental organization, the United Nations by providing information on structure of the institution and cooperation issue in the international system. One of the main explanations for the survival of the United Nations can be found in the “Hegemon Stability Theory”.
One of the theories explaining the international relations in the world is realism. According to Mearsheimer (2001), the realism theory is based on five core assumptions. The first assumption is that anarchy privileged in the view of international system. There is no state above other state, international system is consisted of states with no central authority over these states. No hegemony, only anarchy can be suited and illustrated in the international
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Hence, in explaining the endurance and emergence of the United Nations this paper mostly based its assumption power in the international system. Realism as the core theory of the international relations was presented. Similarities of the structure of the United Nations with realism as a theory was illustrated, so that the emergence of this institution can be explained from this side. Cooperation was introduced as the challenge for the international theories with appropriate criticisms. The main source of the endurance of the United Nations can be the willingness of the hegemon to use it as tool in order to promote its own interests and values in the international
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