Heisenberg was one of the world’s most influential physicists during the 20th century. He is best known as one of the founders for quantum mechanics, the new physics of the atomic world, and especially for the uncertainty principle in quantum theory. Also, is recognized for his controversial role as a leader for Germany’s nuclear fission research throughout World War II (Cassidy). Werner Karl Heisenberg was born on December 5 1901 in the city of Würzburg in the southern German state of Bavaria (Cassidy). At the time of Heisenberg’s birth, Germany was nearing the last few years of the monarchy, which eventually collapsed after World War I. Teachers and German professors took part in Germany’s high middle class. The Heisenberg family was a
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In May 1926 Schrödinger published a proof that matrix and wave mechanics gave equivalent results and mathematically they were the same theory. According the Heisenberg the Uncertainty Principle was any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle known as complementary variables, such as position x and momentum p, can be known simultaneously (Cassidy). He also argued for the superiority of wave mechanics over matrix mechanics. This provoked an angry reaction, especially from Heisenberg, who insisted on the existence of discontinuous quantum jumps rather than a theory on continuous waves. Heisenberg’s family began to pressure him into taking a position as a professor at a university when his work was being most recognized (Cassidy). Matrix mechanics was over shadowing Schrodinger’s wave mechanics.While studying physicists papers, Heisenberg discovered and problem with calculating variables as they would appear in his equations. His analysis showed that uncertainties always turned up if one tried to measure the position and the momentum of a particle at the same time (Cassidy). Heisenberg said that these problems were not the fault of the experiment but