In humans they are localized in the liver in most of the cases and in other organs of bodies such as spleen, brain heart and kidney. The disease occur with slow-growing mass this mass is called cysts. The patient may be asymptomatic even if cysts are peresent. But if they occur then include cough, shortness of breaths and pain in chest. It is diagnosed by different combination ofd tools and techniques i.e, histopathology,
Gastroenteritis:. Infection of the stomach or intestine is called gastroenteritis. Even though viruses cause gastrointestinal infection but bacteria also cause such infections by infecting the lining of the intestine or the stomach. stomach is infectad by large number of pathogenic microorganism and this infection is usually extends to the nearest structures which are the esophagus proximally and duodenum distally. Stomach infections is caused by two gerneral situations which are gastritis and gastroenteritis.
Pylori infection is on a steep decline in most of the western countries mainly due to the success of combination therapies and improve personal hygiene and community sanitation to prevent re-infection. The situation is not improving in many of the developing countries due to failure of treatment regimes and emergence of durg resistance. The infection in some cases leads to chronic superficial gastritis, chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma. Humans are the only important reservoir of H.Pylori. Children may acquire the organism from their parents (more often from the mother) or from other children.
This virus is known to be the number one cause of infant diarrhea this virus has been in effect since 1973, and although treatable, Rotavirus attacks mainly young infants and children, due their somewhat weak immune system, therefore many consider the virus deadly and dangerous. Rotavirus is a very contagious virus that causes the stomach and intestines to swell up; adults can also be affected by Rotavirus however the symptoms are not as severe as they are in young children. The symptoms of the virus can take up to two days to show up, they include, watery diarrhea, stomach pain, fever, vomiting, dehydration, and loss of appetite. Due to two of the symptoms being dehydration and diarrhea, many people with Rotavirus must be hospitalized, assuring that the patient receive proper care and fluids their body needs. Since there is no antiviral drug, the patient must drink plenty of liquids and occasionally receive IV fluids as well.
When it comes in contact with our bloodstream it can cause symptoms; such as, chills, confusion, and hallucination. This bacteria may cause pneumonia if it gets severe, which includes symptoms as difficulty breathing and cough with bloody mucus. Having a urinary tract can be painful, and leads to an urge to urinate frequently and bloody urine. Ear infection causes hearing loss and disorientation. One of the main things this bacteria is known for doing is resisting frequently used antibiotics.
A fistula is an opening on the large intestine and another surface that stick together and form a tunnel. If they are healed while connected, it can cause the spread of bacteria from the large intestine and cause inflammation and infection. The last, but yet of many more complications is dysuria or painful urination. Diverticulitis can cause a part of the bowels that are inflamed to have contact with the bladder causing the pain and having to urinate more often. It can also cause air to be present in urine which is the result of a fistula.
It can also be spread through air borne droplets. Most children can resist this infection due to their immune system. However , a childs immune system may be compromised due to malnourishment and hence are at a higher risk of acquiring the infection. Similarly , pre-existing illnesses like HIV or AIDS also increase the chances of a child contracting pneumonia. 1.12
Many infectious diseases such as measles and chickenpox can be prevented by vaccines (Nordqvist. C, 2017). Taking a good care on the basic hygiene such as frequent and thorough hand-washing also helps protect from most infectious diseases. There are two levels of immunity in the human immune system which is the specific and nonspecific immunity. To defend the foreign materials that perceived to be harmful, the human body protects itself though the
Herpes, or Herpes Simplex is a viral infectious disease that results in very dangerous and ridiculous skin infections. The cause of Herpes is the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) and the infections are categorized on the basis of the body part infected by them. Herpes is of two basic types, namely Oral Herpes and Genital Herpes. Oral Herpes is the condition when the infection, in the form of blisters is over the face, inside the mouth, and over the scalp, while in case of Genital Herpes infections are over the genitals as well as on the buttocks. Herpes Simplex Virus is broadly divided into two types, namely Herpes Simplex Virus type-1 and Herpes Simplex Virus type-2 (more commonly referred to as HSV-1 and HSV-2).
These include swollen testicles that are tender, lower abdominal and pelvic pain, discharge, pain and bleeding around the anus, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, burning or pain while urinating, pus or discharge from penis, blood in the urine and increase in the number of times one urinates if the urethra is infected. Chlamydia can also affect the eyes where one will experience redness, discharge or itching. I can also cause inflammation of the eye or conjunctivitis. If one experiences these symptoms, they should go to the doctor or local clinic