1. INTRODUCTION According to Sporre (1989: 92), the word Hellenistic is derived from the word ‘Hellene’, which means an ancient Greek. Sporre (1989: 92), also argues that during the Hellenistic period, the Greek had influenced the world with their artistic style and it became internationally known. Regardless, art in the Hellenistic period has its own identity and is classified as its own style and movement. The characteristics and philosophies of the Hellenistic art movement will be discussed in this essay.
3,4). With the practice of Hellenism, people thought that the religion died off as time progressed and more religions began to develop, but research suggests that the practice of Hellenism is still around and a huge population actually religiously follows it. Harvey describes Hellenism as the following of Greek mythology including the Gods, underworld, and deities of the Greek mythology world. Following Hellenism is a religion that requests blessings from each and every God by sacrificing something of value to the person (2017, Para. 5).
The Hellenic and Hellenistic age both represent the golden age of ancient Greece also known as the Classic Greek period. The following will compare and contrast the difference between Hellenic and Hellenistic art, philosophy, and religion. Hellenic being from c.500-300 B.C and Hellenistic being from c.300-50 B.C. Philosophy in the Hellenic period had many individual philosophers that had followers of their own which often moved out from the original philosopher 's teachings. Philosophy focused on the individual’s relationship to the Polis.
From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society. We can also learn about what was viewed as immoral or of little value. In addition, reviewing the Greek myths allows us to determine that the Greek society was generally a patriarchal society and agricultural and war were strong elements that shaped the ancient Greek society. Greek mythology and religion were integral parts of the ancient Greek society. The Greeks followed a polytheist religion in which multiple gods represented various aspects of the nature as well as skills practiced by mankind.
He states that absolute truth is an illusion and the search for certainty, displayed by Descartes, is born of out of fear. We deceive ourselves by reinterpreting phenomena such that life is more bearable. He is claimed to be a nihilist by many and while it is unclear how apt that term would be, he writes about the ‘devaluation of the highest values’. This concept opens a door for the human to give meaning to one’s own existence and that of the world with no prior instructions. All cultures seek to give an ultimate meaning and purpose to life, Nietzsche emphasizes, and for this he is termed a nihilist, that humanity lacks basic aim, an inherent meaning, and thus it is up to culture (which includes religion) to compensate and enforce values and goals on
Greek Mythology and its Influences on Modern Society By Jenna Marie A. Macalawa, Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus 2014 Myths are not dissimilar to fairy tales, legends, and sagas, but its period is distinctly different from usual existential time. It is considered as an expression of childhood experiences, and it also explains the origin and meaning of the world. According to Long (1994), “The term mythology may describe a certain body of myths, for example, Greek, African, or Scandinavian, or it may refer to the study of myths” (p.694). These collections of narratives are superior when it comes to influencing different areas of knowledge. There are numerous types of mythology, but Ancient Greece is the one that has given an immense influence on modern society.
Alexander the Great himself embraced local customs, wearing Persian clothes and marrying Persian women. Alexander the Great encouraged his soldiers to marry Persian women, in this way, the children of these marriages would share both Persian and Greek cultures. Alexander the Great created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander the Great's Empire. This was a time of advances in learning, math, art, and architecture. Some of the great names of learning in this Age include Archimedes, Hero, and Euclid.
Greek Architectures influenced Roman architecture, which influenced the Renaissance architecture and Renaissance influencing Neo-Classical architecture. Some Western buildings such as Thomas Jefferson’s house has Classical Orders (columns) like the Parthenon. Orders originated in Greece and can be found on many of their temples. The columns are quite big and heavy because they are made out of stone. The Greeks were able to build such beautiful and big buildings because of the math and science that went into it.
Greek influence is evident in modern day art, music, philosophy, religion, and many other aspects. As astounding as it may seem that traces of an ancient culture can last thousands of years, it is due to the rise and development of the Greeks and the conflicts that continued to develop and refine the civilization. In the democracy of our government and the paintings that hang in museums, Greek influence is a major part of modern culture. For example, the Greeks developed a form of democracy, which influenced the form of the American Government. Greeks influenced Modern education as well, not only were forms of math such as geometry and algebra developed, philosophical ideals about religion, consciousness, and nature were suggested.
Greek civilization had a strong influence on the Roman Empire, Greek and Roman structural planning have long been associated on account of the similitudes between the sanctuaries and option structures that two evolutions made. Roman structural planning was frequently influenced affected by Greece however the Romans also separated to make a different personality, they look so much similar. Then again, that does not mean there is no distinction at all between the 2 styles. The basic clarification for such a great deal of normal appearance is this. Greek draftsmen with its human progress started to exist before Roman development.