Hemingway Literary Analysis

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1. Hemingway utilizes several literary devices throughout the story in order to help the reader acquire an understanding of the circumstances that the victims of war were faced with and reasons for why they reacted the way they did. The following are a few literary devices used pervasively: Irony: The title itself is quite ironic as Henry bids farewell to the war, the weapons, the army and the savagery just to be with Catherine. He finally finds a reason to survive and is successful in finding the meaning for which he was looking for. He plans out his future with Catherine where they flee to Switzerland and have their baby and become a content and complete family. What happens is so tragic and saddening, Catherine dies while giving birth and…show more content…
The cartridges signify death as they are used for deadly weapons. Whereas, on the other hand the simile he uses to describe them as looking as though they were pregnant, depicts life and new beginnings. Thus, he puts two opposites together as these ideas dominates the novel. The decoration of Henry for heroism is quite ironic because when he was questioned by Rinaldi of his heroic act, he replies with the following: “I was blown up while eating cheese”. This creates irony because those who lost their lives fighting were disregarding while Henry was being decorated for bravery and heroism when he showed…show more content…
Understatement: Hemingway understates the death toll in the end of the first paragraph saying that at “the end only seven thousand died of it in the army”. Seven thousand is a considerably large number of deaths but Hemingway purposely uses it as an understatement so that he can emphasize upon the bloodshed that took place during the war and if the soldiers were not wiped out due to cholera, the war took care of it. Imagery: Hemingway makes use of vivid imagery and complex diction to create a picture in the reader’s mind of the situation at hand. His imagery helps create a more effective foreshadowing for his readers as he emphasizes on every detail of the mountains such as, “the ridge and the north at the two ranges of mountains, green and dark to the snow-line and then white and lovely in the sun”. He creates a contrast between light and dark as the part of the mountain facing the sunlight is described as a lovely sight whereas the part facing away from the sun has a grim look to
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