Henry Hudson was a European explorer whose mission was to discover a faster route from Europe to Eastern Asia.
There were several differences and similarities between the first two settlements in the New World, Jamestown and Plymouth. This paper will make note of a few of the highlights. The chief difference between the two civilizations was their reason for coming and their key similarity was the poor relationship with their native neighbors.
In 1607, Hudson was hired by the Muscovy Company, created in part by his grandfather Henry Hudson I, to find the Northwest Passage, a route to Asia by going west. They provided him with a ship, the 80-ton Hopewell,
Jamestown colony and Plymouth colony have are two similar colonies but at the same time are so very different. One similarity is that each colony had a large number of deaths after winter. One difference is that Plymouth colony had a good relationship with the Native Americans and Jamestown didn't have a good relationships with them. A second difference is that the two colonies came for different reasons.
People from many nations, religions, and cultural backgrounds settled in the middle colonies. These people came because of what the colonies had to offer. They realized the middle colonies gave generous land grants and supported religious tolerance. They also wanted money, and the middle colonies had fertile soil and a pleasant climate, perfect for farming. People were tired of being poor and persecuted for their beliefs. All of this made people decide to settle in the middle colonies.
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, the monarchy began to expand their power and influence, eventually becoming absolute rulers. Having support from the merchant class, the monarchy attempted to unify and stabilize the nation states. In the late seventeenth, early eighteenth centuries, with hopes of expanding English trade and acquiring a broader market for English manufactured goods, the nation states were wealthy enough to fund voyages of discovery and exploration. Over time, ten colonies were established along the Atlantic coast of North America. The first permanent English settlement was established in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607 and in 1620 a ship landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, marking it as the second permanent English settlement.
Imperialism is the term that describes one nation’s dominance over another nation or territory. In the 1800s there were four types of imperialisms, which were; Colonial imperialism, Economic Imperialism, Political Imperialism, and the Socio-Cultural Imperialism. Colonial Imperialism, this form of imperialism is virtual complete takeover of an area, with domination in all areas: economic, political, and socio-cultural. Economic Imperialism, this form of imperialism allowed the area to operate as its own nation, except for the trading and other businesses. Political Imperialism, although a country may have had its own government with natives in political positions, it operated as the imperialist country
They wanted Hudson to find a northern route to Asia, but this plan failed due to ice. However, he did explore Greenland and a couple small islands nearby. While on this journey, Hudson discovered whales, which opened up a new hunting location. His second voyage turned out the same way as the first one. He made it very close to Russia, but once again the ice got in the way. On Hudson’s third voyage, he partnered with the Dutch East India Company in the Netherlands with the same goal as the first two journeys. Although the ice made them turn back again, he sailed west across the Atlantic still hoping to find a new route. Instead, Hudson landed in what is now Nova Scotia, and kept sailing along the coast. When he reached the Chesapeake Bay, he turned back after he decided to explore New York. They sailed up a river, which later became the Hudson river, all the way to Albany. For his last voyage he was partnered with England, and Hudson sailed west across the Atlantic again and by the tip of Greenland. He made his way into the Hudson Strait, eventually the Hudson Bay, and finally the James Bay. After they found themselves at a dead end due to icy conditions and low supplies, they could not return home and had to spend a winter there. When they finally decided to return, some crew members captured Hudson, put him in a tiny boat, and left him there to die.
One hundred sixteen people landed on the coast of North Carolina long before anyone had discovered the colony of Jamestown. They traveled across the Atlantic Ocean from England once they heard of Christopher Columbus’s major discovery of a new land. Even 600 years later, the fate of the Roanoke Colony still remains a mystery.
The Dutch were the first to settle in New York in 1624. Two years later they made the colony New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. In the year 1664 the English took control of the colony and renamed it New York after the Duke of York. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. The slow expansion of New Netherland, however, caused conflicts with both English colonists and Native Americans in the region.
The Dutch gave an influential tide to both the Natives and the French colonists because they created Fort Orange along the Hudson River, the Dutch saw the French as enemy`s, because they had better supplies like weapons and tools to gain better alliances and trading partners. The French and Iroquois who knew that they would lose their Dutch suppliers to the northern tribes who had better fur pelts. Hoping that with war the Dutch and northern tribes would remain separated, the French and Iroquois decided not to make
Zheng He was the first major ocean voyager in the 15th century. He led seven expeditions, through the Indian ocean using over 300 massive boats called “treasure ships”. Though, unlike many others in his time, he was not an explorer. He and his crews of thousands sailed from Africa, the Middle East, and India, to get the west impressed with China and for people to discern them as the leading manufacturer in the world. Once Zheng He died, the voyages stopped because more important issues had started to populate in the country, such as nomadic invasions. Because the excursions were
Richard Hakluyt was a propogander that kept the image of America still there and they worked to create permanent colonies in the New World. They failed many times then were able to create permanent settlements that were business enterprises.
In the article by Anthony F. C. Wallace, “The Hunger for Indian Land in Andrew Jackson’s America,” the reasons for America's need for Indian land is discussed. The purpose of this article is to explain the Indian removal that occurred under Andrew Jackson’s presidency. The thesis of this essay states that Americans kicked the Natives off of their land to fulfill a selfish desire to expand the cotton industry.
The New York colony soil was fertile and great for farming which was the reason the British wanted to remove it from the hands of the Dutch.