Henry James And Modernism

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Henry James was born 15 April 1843 and died 28 February 1916. James was an American author who was one of the greatest English novelists that ever lived (Powers). He was most regarded for his knowledge in literary realism and literary modernism. Clifford James Geertz was born a decade after henry James in the date of 23 August 1926 and he died 30 October 2006 (“The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica”). The strong support for and influence on the practice of symbolic anthropology made him the most influential cultural anthropologist in the United States for three decades. He taught at Princeton university until his death as professor emeritus at the institute for advanced study. Both are well known.
The art of Fiction was written by Henry James and published in 1884 in Longman’s Magazine. James specifically wrote The Art of Fiction as a counter argument against Sir Walter Besant’s lecture “Fiction as One of the Fines Arts” that was given in 1884. The lecture was also a manifesto of literary realism. Besant’s essay had three main points. The first one is that fiction should be valued as a true art such as painting, music, sculpture, and poetry because it’s a fine art on its own. Second, the novel is governed by general laws and can be taught with precision and exactness like the laws of harmony that are used to guide the other true arts (Campbell). Third, to obtain success those rules are necessary, but not sufficient because the novelist must show some artistic talent.
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