He took a non military/ no war approach to dealing with foreign affairs while Henry VIII took a more confrontational approach, for example his invasion of France. Henry VII established good trade relations with the Happisburgh Empire (Germany and Austria) and France. He also used marriage to make alliances with other foreign countries and to keep the peace between countries. One example of this is when he married his son Arthur to Catherine of Aragon from Spain. Sadly, Arthur died, but King Henry VII, not wanting to make Catherine’s father angry arranged a marriage between Catherine and his next son Henry VIII.
Often referred to himself as “The Sun God,” King Louis XIV was one of the most memorable absolute monarchs; known for the unique ways he had conveyed his personal belief in divine right, himself, and the way he saw best fit for the government and people of France. Exerting his control to all of France, he decided to move his court and government to Versailles, the palace that he lived in during his reign as King of France. With that and fear in mind, he then invited very wealthy nobles into Versailles in order to prevent them from developing their own regional power, and revolt., The King would require ceremonies, and rituals to be conducted in order to show his strength and power to everyone living in Versailles with him, and strongly believed
Although it this may have been a strange move that was bound to cause tension between the Huguenots and the Catholics, Louis was determined to create unity in France regardless of what others thought. This revocation of the Edict of Nantes was a “brave move, revealing Louis's determination to define and control the character of the nation” (“Louis XIV”). Louis also unified France through his leadership of seventy-two years without any interference of the nobles. All the decisions for France were
660). On the other hand, Napoleon also spread the seeds of nationalism to his enemies and even the states that were not unified. As the German States were opposing Napoleon, they found out that they actually shared a lot common interests and identities (Butler). As a result, the spirit of nationalism grew and the seeds were planted until they all blossomed in the German unification. This was a step Napoleon took toward democracy because, to a certain degree, nationalism is a necessity for democracy since it provides trust and a sense of belonging to a human being to represent and participate in the social
Absolutism in Western Europe Cont. France Cont. Louis XIV and his Absolutism “Sun King” , thought kings were established by god as his rulers. Feared the nobility Preserved his royal power in the court of Versailles, symbolizing the center of French absolutism French language became an international language like English today Kept nobles close to him, so they won’t go against him Organized life at court around every aspect of his own daily routine Bourgeoisie class was formed under him (middle class) 1. Absolutism in Western Europe Cont.
Moreover, the Cult of the Sacred Heart was closely connected to the nobility of the Ancien Regime. As a consequence, the Catholic sect acts as an opposition towards the advancement of the French Revolution and the progressive ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity (Harvey 1979, 365). Following the outcome of the Franco Prussian War, the French Second Empire collapsed, further exacerbating the already tensions between the French Communards in Paris (suburbs) and the Conservative Royalist faction located predominately in rural France (Harvey 1979, 368). Once peace negotiations were finalized with the Prussians, the city of Paris was in
The Cult of the Supreme Being Analysis Maximilien Robespierre was a lawyer and a politician. He was one of the greatest recognized and most powerful figures related with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. May of 1794, Robespierre wrote The Cult of the Supreme Being because he wanted revolutionary change. The French Revolution had a demoralizing outcome on the Catholic Church and he thought that the church had no chance of existence. He opposed the power of the church and the pope.
‘The consolidation of royal authority, in the years 1487-1509, was due to Henry VII’s control over the nobility.’ Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. It can be argued to a certain extent that the consolidation of royal authority for Henry VII, in the years 1487-1509, was a result of control over the nobility. The challenge lied in the ability to decrease their power without alienating them whilst removing their position of threat. However, there were other contributory factors in Henry’s consolidation of his royal authority, such as his diplomatic skills in dealing with foreign powers and the indispensable use of royal finances. Following the Battle of Bosworth of 1485, it was indisputable that Henry needed to establish new means of controlling the size and power of the nobility to levels which posed no threat to the throne.
Napoleon was a French military leader who had crowned himself emperor, and quickly rose to power. While in Europe, Bolivar and Napoleon discussed their goals and ambitions. Napoleon expressed that he wanted to run a country that devoted itself to the highest ideals of liberty; equality, and fraternity. (Jacobs Williams p.18) Napoleon quickly realized that if he were to abandon his morals, he could conquer much more land and gain more power. As a result of Napoleon withdrawing his morals, Bolivar was concerned and so he returned to Europe to see for himself what damage had been done in Spain.
As stated in document 2, John will aid the count of Champagne and send the knights to the count of Champagne for service. The author of document 7 may be biased against the negative aspects of the Middle Age, because he believed that the medieval culture ranked with that of earlier Golden age due to philosophy, law, poetry, and
The original political parties in America differed on their views of allying with the British or the French. The Federalists wanted to ally the British monarchy, yet the Democratic-Republicans wanted to ally with the French. The Federalist party aspired to ally with Great Britain for because of its extreme stability. The Democratic-Republicans hoped for an ally with France because of the party’s previous positive relations and their support of the French Revolution. The Federalist party believed the strongest ally for our emerging country was the world power that was Great Britain.
The Edict of Nantes was issued in 1598 by Henri IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) equal rights with Catholics. The Edict was introduced primarily to end the long-running, disruptive French Wars of Religion. Henri IV also had personal reasons for supporting the Edict. Until assuming the throne Henri himself had been a Protestant, and he remained sympathetic to their cause: he converted in order to become king, famously saying, "Paris is worth a Mass." The Edict succeeded in restoring peace and internal unity to France for many years.
With a new King on the throne of England, the kingdom and royal court was transformed into a fresh, flamboyant playground for the nobility of England, not to mention the new King Henry VIII. Gone were the days of Henry VII’s strict political reign. Unlike his father, Henry VIII believed his people desired to see him acting as a king and not be so concerned with matters of state. Cardinal Wolsey undoubtedly had an impressionable influence over the King himself and over the royal court. When analysing Henry VIII’s reign, it would be impossible to exclude Cardinal Wolsey from this.
When Charlemagne ascended the throne and had full control of the empire, he wanted to not only rule both his people and Romans, he was also interested in his people and the ones he conquered to convert to Christianity. (Pages 258-259). Charlemagne exceedingly cared about government as much as he cared about religion, which is why one of the things he did when first became an emperor was to make sure that the Pope Hadrian I, got his land back from the Lombard Kingdom and he has also helped the Pope on countless occasions. (Pg. 259).
This event replaced Protestant religion with Catholicism as the official religion of the monarchy. In the preface Paine reveals that he is hoping to reassure people of their new king, while many people believe the opposite. The book was translated into French and was a major component not only of the French Revolution but of the American as well. Paine writes about humans and the “laws of nature’, stating that all men are born in a state of freedom. He writes that “though man in that state have an uncontrollable liberty to dispose of his person or possessions,yet he had not liberty to destroy himself…”, meaning that all men have the power to destroy his possessions but he cannot destroy himself.