King Henry was a very significant individual in Medieval Europe. King Henry the second son of King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York was born 28 June 1491 in Palace of Placentia, Greenwich. After the death of Henry's older brother in 1502 Henry inherited the throne. King Henry had many big impacts on Medieval Europe but the biggest impact being a religious reformation. King Henry was married to his brother's widow to reassure the alliance his father had with Spain. On February the 18th, 1516 Catherine gave birth to the first heir, Princess Mary. Henry was angry as Catherine now at age 42 couldn’t conceive Henry had a mission to have a male heir to obtain the throne. Henry requested for a divorce but it was denied. In 1533 Henry's mistress Anne became pregnant and Henry
When Henry VIII received a daughter rather than a son, he believed he was being punished for marrying and sleeping with Catherine, his brother’s wife, and he sought an annulment. After Catherine’s nephew, Charles V, held the pope hostage to prevent the annulment, Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Cromwell, two Protestants, decided to help Henry VIII to get him away from the church. After getting him an annulment, Henry made himself the head of the new church due to the Act of Supremacy. This lead to the Dissolution, which took the wealth and land from the church and gave it back to Henry. After he wrote a new Bible, had a son with his third wife, and aided the Protestant Reformation, he died.
Luther thought that the Catholic’s had too many rules. Another, main person was King Henry VIII which he made the Church of England. The people that went to the Church of England were called Protestants, also called Anglicans. Henry defied the authority of the pope. His actions angered English catholics.
Louis removed the Edict of Nantes which instead of relieving the conflicts over religion in France, he created more problems for the economy. “Perhaps he was motivated by religion, but it is more likely that Louis, who believed in the motto,
France’s unity was only possible due to the leadership of their king who sought to make all of his people unified under one single religion. In an era subsequent to the wars of religion, where the world fought over both power and between religious beliefs of Catholicism and Protestantism, the Edict of Nantes was created in an attempt to make peace between the Catholics and Huguenots, French Protestants in 1598 by permitting Huguenots to worship. Believing that France should be united under one religion, Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685: “The revocation of the Edict[of Nantes], signed by the King on October 18, ordered the demolition of all Protestant temples, the cessation of all Protestant services, the Catholic baptism of those born in the Protestant faith. The revocation was forced with the greatest brutality” (Ashley 92). Although it this may have been a strange move that was bound to cause tension between the Huguenots and the Catholics, Louis was determined to create unity in France regardless of what others thought.
Also, he passed the Edict of Nantes just so Protestants have freedom to believe whatever they want. Elizabeth I is a politique because she formed peace between the Protestants and Catholics. She repealed the anti- Protestant legislation of Mary Tudor, and guided England to where they can settle their religious differences. Despite what her religion was, Elizabeth I put everything behind her and focused on the good of her country. Both Elizabeth I and Henry of Navarre put politics and the success of the country before their religion.
A) John Calvin’s explanation for his rejection of catholic orthodoxy. John Calvin wrote to the King of France, Francis summarising his explanation for his rebuff of the catholic orthodoxy. In his prefatory address, Calvin outlines his view of the catholic clergy. In his opening address to the King of France, Calvin stresses that it was never his intention to have to write to the king when he began his work of reforms, merely, he intended to educate and inspire people towards godliness.
The nobles over time felt they needed to please Louis in return for letting them live in the Palace of Versailles (Doc 5). Louis attempted to control Protestants in France by making them convert to Catholicism. In addition he would not allow them to leave the country and he took down their churches (Doc 6). Louis taking this action
Prior to 1550, the European continent was dominated by Catholicism and had been for centuries. However, Protestantism first introduced by Martin Luther had begun to make inroads in the Holy Roman Empire and Nordic countries. Despite the growing popularity of these new religions, the majority of monarchs saw religious diversity as a weakness. Instead, most rulers pursued Religious uniformity to ensure political stability and strength. Examples of monarchs attempting to achieve religious university abound from Charles V in the Holy Roman Empire and Spain, to Rome, and to England.
As the Renaissance and Reformation went on, people began to think that the Church just wanted money and power. It is somewhat true, though, because they were trying to stay in power with all of the people questioning if the Church was actually good. (Document 5) Through the Reformation came the increased power of lower level rulers--kings and queens--which also meant their kingdoms or states became more powerful than the Roman Church and the Roman Empire began to weaken and Europe fell into political
By questioning the sale of indulgences and arguing that the pope does not have complete authority over forgiveness of sins and, to a larger extent, salvation, Luther established a precedent for the word of the Church to be called into question rather than it having absolute authority. Given that Luther opens his 95 Theses with “out of love and concern for the truth,” it is clear that his intentions are not necessarily to completely undermine the authority of the Catholic Church, but rather to open a dialogue between the Catholic Church and its faithful on what is actually true in regards to God. The collective judgment of the Catholic community, particularly those who did not have positions of power in the Church, would then have a much greater effect on the direction in which the Catholic Church took than it would have before Luther’s 95 Theses.
In his play, 1 King Henry IV, William Shakespeare is concerned with the popular concepts of power and legitimacy, or the right to rule. Shakespeare specifically calls into question the concept of legitimacy of power through one of the main characters of his play, Prince Hal. Prince Hal’s public image challenges the notion of this concept. In this essay, through the analyzation of various passages, I argue that Prince Hal upsets the notion legitimacy of power because his public image contradicts King Henry’s mode of being and mirrors the problematic reputation and actions of Richard II, which adds to King Henry’s fear of losing the throne, and ultimately results in King Henry’s hesitancy to make him heir to the throne.
Calvin was extremely vocal about his contempt for the sale of indulgences, the sacrament of penance and most of all, the overwhelming pressure to perform enough “good deeds” to be accepted into Heaven, induced by the Roman Catholic Church. King Henry VIII was also against the authority of the papacy, as seen through the fact he decided to reform the Church of England in an attempt to overpower the influence of the pope. Though he had originally done so so he would be able to divorce his wife, it is clear that his decision to reform the Church was also a power move as after the Reformation, control of England laid solely with the king. While Calvin and King Henry VIII’s willingness to speak out against the pope qualifies as a similarity between the two Reformations, it is important to realize again, the motivations behind the two. While Calvin’s willingness to speak out specifically about the corruption of the pope and the Roman Catholic Church illustrates his religious motivations, King Henry VIII’s decision to break from the Roman Catholic Church was more so a power play then a crusade for a reformed and righteous
King Henry V was capable to interact with people from all walks of life. He delivers his historic St. Crispin’s Day speech to his men right before they are in an inadequate position during the battle.He conveys this by making all of his men feel equivalent and remarking. In this piece of work, I will reveal three examples. These examples will indicate that they are all contributing in this battle as a team as well as how Henry is motivating his men.