The Tupac Amaru and Catarista Rebellions: An Anthology of Sources, compiled by Ward Stavig and Ella Schmidt, contains several important excerpts that highlight the importance of Amaru’s religion. His Catholicism is immediately mentioned in the first excerpt, which is Amaru’s edict to the Province of Chichas. Amaru writes, “This effort does not oppose in the slightest way [their] sacred Catholic religion, but it is only to suppress disorder” (p. 73). The effort that he refers to is the rebellion against the Bourbon reforms that Amaru and his wife, Micaela Bastidas, began in 1780. Amaru did not fail to mention his loyalty to the Church prior to the rebellion because he knew that it was going to be violent, and he did not want people to think
Why? Mentioned before, Domat was a royally appointed writer and he owed his position to King Louis. Therefore, his duty was to help people realize that King Louis XIV is a great leader, and that the new government is a change going towards the right direction. Since he worked under the king, he wrote “On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy” knowing that he would be able to convince France to accept not only their new king, but the absolute monarchy government. He proved to be very successful once this was read by his attended audience.
The Concordat attempted to resolve the religious violence that broke out in France after the French civil war, but the Concordat was not finalised until 1815. The Concordat acknowledged Roman Catholicism’s status as the official religion of France that resulted in bishops and priests becoming employed by the French government. The Concordat eliminated the influence of the Constitutional church, which deprived the Roman Catholic Church of the domination of religion and provided more legal rights to Calvinists and Lutherans by fully integrating religious tolerance inside of France (Hosack, 2010). The armies of rebels continued to travel the backwoods until the execution of Georges Cadoudal, who was executed for making an attempt to kidnap and assassinate Napoleon with use of bombs in 1800. One of Napoleons greatest achievement was the Concordat because it adopted religious tolerance within France, which spread throughout Europe.
Part of this required the eradication of the Plantagenet line and inviting Prince Louis of France to rule on the advice of Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury and 25 Barons mainly based in East Anglia. This very Norman kingdom needed a Norman legal system and so they looked to Henry I rather than Edward the Confessor as their role model, thus establishing Henry’s reign as a second ‘Golden Age’. The ‘Golden Age’ of Henry I was also seen as a brief period of stability between the Dark Years of Stephen of Blois and the chaos of William Rufus. England was thrown into the first of its many Civil Wars by a dispute over the throne between Stephen, Count of Blois and Eleanor of Aquitane. Stephen had stepped up in 1135 to claim the throne vacated by Henry I, who had died without an heir on the death of his only son when the royal barge sank in a storm (in mysterious circumstances if accounts of the time are to be
John Edwards Religious Affections discusses the two kinds of exercise of religion. The first exercise he talks about is trials. Trials benefit religion as proof. No true religion is trial-less, but has plenty of rewards at the same time. Edwards wrote “ Hereby the truth of it is manifested, and appears indeed true religion; they above all other things, have a tendency to distinguish between true religion and false.” He is telling true religion the people that trials shine true light on religion and that is a beautiful thing about Christianity; it can withstand all trials.
Firstly, annihilating the unity of religion in Europe resulted in the division of Christendom into Catholic and Protestant. It weakened the Church and its oppressive clergy, while restoring the pure form of early Christianity. Additionally, the Reformation helped to separate the Church and state. Secondly, empowering monarchs by sacrificing church officials facilitated the movement towards the modern centralized worldly state. Although absolute monarchy was a significant factor of political liberty, Protestantism also contributed to this growth.
The Reformation affected the political life in Europe by increasing conflicts in Europe. The Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, ruled an immense empire, which he want to keep under control by keeping it Catholic. But, the Protestant Reformation brought a number of troubles to his empire. He had rivalry over territories with the king of France, Francis I, which led to wars that lasted over 20 years. Charles V also have a political problem in Germany, where his formerly loyal states turned on him and supported the Reformation as an act of asserting local authority.
The Sultan made him the High priest for all Christians and allowed him to exercise all the rights the church possessed before the conquest. By and large, the ruler’s interest to learn the doctrines of Christianity is noted when Kritovoulos says “He also granted him the privilege of delivering before him fearlessly and freely many good disquisitions concerning the Christian faith and doctrine.” This quote reveals a different account of the Ottoman Empire. The regime surfaces as being tolerant to faiths other than Islam. At any rate, the Sultan’s interaction with the clergy and his desire to take took religious instructions based on Christian teachings show he is accommodative and liberal. As such, this line of thought supports the idea that religious institution, doctrines and, spiritual leaders are central in appreciating the operations of the Ottoman
The Catholic beliefs that the Spanish brought with them to the New World, along with the Aztec religions and prophecies that talked about a returning god named Quetzalcoatl, can be argued to have played the most important part in the downfall of the native empires. On one hand, it is widely believed that the Aztecs came to identify the Spaniards, and in particular Cortés, with this returning deity from their prophecies, and consequently knew that, even if they fought, they would lose the battle against him. Of whether this is completely true or not, we cannot be sure - another possibility is that, after the conquest, the remaining natives took to this explanation to make some sense of their incredible defeat. On the other hand, as Cortés explains this Aztec belief to the Charles V, he might have been twisting some aspects of the story and ideally positioning himself as the returning deity that arrived to conquer and guide a lost people, likening the conquest to the second coming of Christ described in the New Testament’s Book of Revelation. All of these rhetoric strategies and techniques ultimately served to help Cortés, who received the royal support he needed while achieving to be recognized as a hero and not a traitor to Spain.
The topic of religious extremism has been relevant for as long as religion exists. The spread of religious behavior is large, and so are the factors of it. In this work we decided to focus on Christian faith and how it gets adopted by individuals. This confession is very convenient for scientific research because of the distinctive morality of its initial dogma. The concept of love to God and man is associated with selfless behavior and universal acceptance.