Herbal Medicine And Folk Medicine

2003 Words9 Pages
1.1. Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine preparation based on the use of plants and plant extracts. Herbalism is also named as botanical medicine, medical herbalism, herbal medicine, herbology, herblore and phytotherapy. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes extended to comprises fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells and certain animal parts. Pharmacology is study of medicines that obtained from natural sources. The plants are the lushest source for drugs traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplement, folk medicines, pharmaceuticals intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs (Hammer et al, 1999). The products of herbal and natural were used as folk medicine for centuries throughout the world, but there are relatively lower frequencies of adverse reactions to plant preparation related to modern conventional pharmaceutical, this coupled with their reduced cost, is encouraging for both the consuming public and national institutions to consider plant medicines as alternatives to synthetic drugs (Nair et al 2005). The medicinal plants are the richest source of antimicrobial agents. Plants are used medicinally in different countries as a source of many potent and powerful drugs. In recent years, secondary plant metabolites (Phytochemicals), previously with unknown pharmacological activities, have been extensively used as a source of medicinal agents (Krishnaraju et al 2005). Nanotechnology has

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