4. Molecular Diagnosis Parasite nucleic acids are identified by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Even though this technique may be somewhat more susceptible than microscopy, it is of restricted effectiveness for the diagnosis of acutely ill patients in the standard healthcare setting. PCR results are often not obtainable rapidly enough to be of value in establishing the diagnosis of malaria infection. PCR is mostly beneficial for verifying the species of malarial parasite after the diagnosis has been recognized by either microscopy or RDT.
In the study of Folkord, Sutherland & Shaw (2000), they stated that Moringa oleifera is first found in northern India as it can grow on medium soils that have arelatively low humidity. However, now this plants species can be found throughout the tropics including Malaysia. Moringa is known to be as a source of food as well as medicine to human and animals since it contains full of nutrients and vitamins. Hendrawati et al. (2016) reported that Moringa oleifera seeds contain antimicrobial properties which can against all Staphylococcus auereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in vitro while on filter disc inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus auereus and Bacillus subtilis (Yongabi, 2010).
1.2 Plant Metabolites Plants are possessing the ability to synthesize various phytochemicals to defend them from the attack of various predators like insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. Even though few of these compounds are being toxic to plant predators, they also inherits beneficial effects which can be used to treat various human diseases. The plant secondary metabolites are structurally diverse, many are aromatic substances. So far, around 12,000 of chemical compounds were isolated from plant sources; a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total phytocompounds. Plant phytochemicals functions inside human body by binding to specific receptor molecules which was identical to the conventional drugs.
The pathogen usually causes serious human or animal disease but disease does not normally spread to one another and effective treatments are available. Section A This section lists the spillage control procedures of pre-requisites, isolation and disinfection
Traditional medicine practitioners in Nigeria use a variety of herbal preparations to treat different kinds of ailments including typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, dysentery, malaria, diarrhoea and wound infections. In recent past, attention has been directed to medicinal research to substantiate the claims of cure made by the traditional healers and thus provide a scientific basis for their efficiency (Olukoya et al.,
Kavita Munjal Department of Pharmacognosy, ISFcollege of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India * firstname.lastname@example.org ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India ABSTRACT Background: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) are a commensal anaerobic, Gram positive bacterium that belongs to the normal microflora. P. acnes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various skin infections and diseases. But the available agents are associated with number of side effects and P. acnes show the genetic base of antibacterial resistance against erythromycin and clindamycin. Therefore, alternative natural approaches for the treatment are needed for alleviation of infection caused by P. acnes. Objective: To find out the most effective anti P. acne extract amongst the selected four plants, commonly used for anti-acne potential and to obtain the characterized fraction of the extract with highest anti P. acne potential.
Conclusion: The yellow bells plants belonging to the family Bignoniaceae.Is planted as an ornamental surub it is widely cultivateted in gardens as an ornamental plants. as per my survey the majority of medicinal activity has been used the flowers and bark are used for treatment of various cancers. An cured by this plants antidiabetes,digestive problems,an control the urinary desease also. however, requires further testing we will finding something ,then we can able to cure any other new disease.
By comparing the plant species recorded to cure these diseases with available pharmacological literature reported from other regions of the subcontinent and the world, it is very much evident that there are still many medicinal plant species in the area that were not reported in other locations. In traditional medicine whole plants or mixtures of plants are used rather than isolated compounds. The aim of this paper is to review positive interactions between components of whole plant extracts. Different plant parts were used to cure these diseases.Among these fruits were were highly utilized followed by leaves,whole
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Although there are progresses in human medicine, infectious diseases caused by pathogenic microbes and parasites are still a dangerous threat to the human. The drug resistance of human pathogen and the side effects of the synthetic drugs have led the researchers to develop the potential of medicinal plants as raw drugs that has various therapeutic importances including Centella asiatica. Large amount of these raw drugs can be served as raw materials for many herbal industries because of its secondary metabolites (Dash et al., 2011). Centella asiatica are said to have antimicrobial activity because of phytochemicals constituents such as phenolics, alkaloids, steroids, terpenes and saponins that have properties of anti-mutagenic,
Medicinal plants are an important source of drug since ancient times. These plants are characterised by the presence of bioactive principles like alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides and phenolic compounds (Sharma et al., 2013; Harborne, 1973; Bhakuni, 1984; Okwu, 2004; Selvamohan et al., 2012; Dhawale, 2013) for which it had always been in great demand at the global level. As per World Health Organization (WHO), nearly eighty percent of the World’s population relies on traditional medicine for their healthcare requirements (Schuster, 2001), as these medicines are not lethal, non-narcotic, comparatively free from side effects and exhibit varied pharmacological roles. Besides this, therapeutic plants have been used for therapy and prevention of