Herbert Simon's Theory Of Decision Making

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BUREAUCRACY IN INDIA – CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS A STUDY OF THE HERBERT SIMON DECISION-MAKING MODEL PRESENTED BY- SYEDA MUBEENA ISMATH MPP38-2014 INTRODUCTION Herbert Simon, an American political and social scientist is a leading contributor to the development of Behavioral theory. His main work relates to the analysis of organizational behavior from the standpoint of ‘Decision Making’ process. This theory is also called Bounded Rationality Model or Descriptive decision theory or the Administrative Model. According to his thesis, administrative theory should be primarily based around the question of choice and decision making as the core of administration (Fadia & Fadia, 2013). He proposes constructive criticism and questions the rational character of decision-making process to the principles of administration formulated by Lyndall F. Urwick and Luther Gullick. In particular, he is highly critical to the ideas relating to unity of command, span of control, line and staff, hierarchy and departmentalization by functions and ridicules these principles as ‘proverbs’ and ‘myths’. Herbert Simon is associated with the social systems school and analyses an organizational problem in…show more content…
According to him, every decision taken consists of a logical blend of factual and value propositions. A fact is a statement of reality while value is an expression of preference. To bring out the difference between facts and values, the means-ends distinction is sometimes used (Prasad, Prasad, & Satyanarayanan, 1991). Simon expounds the necessity of being rational in making a decision. He explains the dynamics of decision-making on the plane of rationality. He defines rationality as ‘appropriateness for the accomplishment of specific goals’ (University of Mumbai,
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