Heritage And Cultural Tourism

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Tourism today accommodates more than 1 billion travelers across the globe; exploring the different facets of the travel industry. Culture and heritage have always been on the top list of to-do activities in every traveler’s itinerary; to witness and experience how other people live and to learn something of their cultural heritage. Heritage is linked to the past; heritage is not the equivalent of history, yet history is the source of heritage. History is what historian regards as worth of recording and heritage is what contemporary society chooses to inherit and to pass on (Tunbridge and Ashworth 1996:6). David Herbert suggests that it is ‘among the undefinable’, though he categorizes heritage into three broad types: ‘cultural’, ‘natural’…show more content…
Cultural tourism refers to forms of tourism that highlight the cultural, heritage or artistic aspects of a destination or experiences and activities for the tourist. It relies on living and built elements of culture and refers to the use of the tangible and intangible past as a tourism resource. Culture describes the total way of living built up by a group of human beings, which is transmitted from one generation to another. Therefore cultural tourism embraces both the meaning; it is experiential tourism involved in and stimulated by a great variety of things- the performing arts, visual arts, festivals, cuisines, history, experiencing nostalgia and other ways of…show more content…
Hheritage cultural tourists are frequently described as well educated, middle class, middle aged and knowledgeable of history (Light et al., 1994). Moscardo (1996) noted that most heritage visitors wish to learn about the site; however, some of them seek to be educated and understand while others prefer only to be informed about the site. Knudsen & Greer (2008) argued that heritage tourism is not only tourist activity in an area where historic relics are presented. It should also relate to motivation for visiting a site based on the place’s heritage characteristics according to the tourists’ perception of their own heritage. Poria et al (2001) further argued that heritage tourists include only tourists who are motivated by the heritage attributes of the sites and who consider the site to be part of their own heritage. This notion leads us to another interesting aspect of heritage and its link to one’s identity; be it local identity, ethnicity & nationalism or even global identity. People are often motivated to safeguard their historic resources, be it the local community or
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