In the years 1519-1521 Hernando Cortes, a Spanish conquistador that had conquered and defeated the Aztec empire (Nelson, Aztec Empire for Kids: Spanish Conquest). He wanted to find new land for Spain, covert inhabitants to Catholicism, and raid the lands for gold and other treasures. The Aztecs were wiped out and resulted in Hernan Cortez taking power of the new land
In Veracruz, he attempted to meet Montezuma, the ruler of the Aztec Empire. Montezuma turned down the meeting, but Cortés was determined. Leaving a hundred men in Veracruz, Cortés marched on Tenochtitlan in mid-August 1519 with 600 men, 15 horsemen, 15 cannons, and hundreds of indigenous carriers and warriors who sided with Cortes due to their resentment of Montezuma. By the time he arrived in Tenochtitlan the Spaniards had a large army including many natives. On November 8, 1519, they were peacefully received by Montezuma, who gave lavish gifts of gold to the Spaniards which, rather than placating them, excited their ambitions for
Cortez left, Captain Pedro Alvarado in charge, along with 200 of his men and left Tenochtitlan with the rest to battle Narvaez, although Cortez’s army smaller, he was able to overthrow Narvaez and convince him to ally with them too instead of fighting against him. However whilst he had been away Alvarado had become subject to a revolt due to a massacre during one of the religious ceremonies/festivals for the Aztecs. Alvarado had begun killing prominent members of the upper classes of the Aztecs in turn setting off a local rebellion. Cortez insisted that Moctezuma speak and reason with his people but this only resulted in the crowd throwing stones etc. at him and resulting in his death.
Maya prepared for battle but the Spanish beat them. The Spanish massacred the Mayan but the Mayan launched a coordinated attack in response but, the rebels retreated after a savage counter attack. When the Spaniards enslaved the Mayans, if a Mayan revolted they were burnt alive and hung because the Spanish believed that if they did not keep the Mayan at a constant state of fear the Mayan would rise up against them. The Spanish would hurl native Americans into pits with sharpened stakes if the dared to resist them. The
The main character is an Aztec man named Topilzin who is supposedly the son of the great Aztec leader Montezuma. Early on in the film Topilzin is captured by the Spanish conquistadors in a battle for the temple of Tenochtitlan. Which leads to Friar Diego’s fixation on saving Topilzin soul and trying to successfully convert him. The other conquest is a film that creates a dialogue between the catholic churches involvement in the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The narrative of the other conquest is essentially discussing the struggle
Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top. When Cortes and his men first arrived on the island of Cozumel in 1519, they were unaware that a complex and advanced civilization was just beyond the shores of Mexico.
It was 1532 when Pizzaro set foot on Incan territory. The Incas declared war upon the Spanish and a battle soon commenced. But the battle was one sided, the majority of the blood shed was from the Incas and not the Conquistadors but was instead from the Incas. The battle was in no way fair as the Spanish had horses, steel, guns, books and germs on their side. Understanding why the explorers had an advantage over the explored is crucial to understanding why todays developed countries are the way they are and have an economical advantage over some countries.
Conquistadores who looked for God, gold, and glory, began to travel to the New World. In the Americas, the Aztec Empire was destroyed by the Europeans, lead by Hernan Cortez. Due to the native belief that their god Quetzalcoatl was going to come back, they mistook the European riding a horse as their god and invited him into their intricate kingdom. However, a civil war breaks out and the Europeans destroyed the empire with their more advanced weapons and European diseases such as smallpox. Similarly in Peru, Francisco Pizzaro destroyed the Inca Empire with advanced weapons and smallpox.
People died from easily curable diseases. It is a mistake to assume that the natives of the Americas lived as the famed “noble savages” of Rousseau—there stood empires and armies just as willing as the gold-thirsty Spanish to squash their enemies and take captives and take advantage of the poor and the outcasts. Yes, European colonialist did enslave and mistreat the indigenous population, did spread new diseases, did enforce a strict social caste; but colonialism by no means introduced violence and suffering to the Americas—it was simply a continuation of the pattern of fallen humans. Along with the continuation of the human habit of exploration, exploitation, and greed, European colonialism also brought new technologies. Never before had natives seen a wheel until