Santa Anna gained prestige again after a battle with the French in 1838. The French navy had seized the Veracruz and demanded compensation for injuries to French citizens in Mexico. Santa led forces to the Veracruz, only to fail and lose a leg in the battle. Although he gained enough prestige to act as a dictator from March to July 1839, while the president was away. He then held power after leading a revolt; however, he lost that when he was driven into exile in
Did you know that Hernan Cortes had a huge impact to the world? Hernan Cortes was born in 1485 in the kingdom of Castile in the city of Medellin. His profession is being a conquistador, which means soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense. His most historical contribution is leading a exhibition that caused the fall of the Aztec empire. And lastly, the world would be different without him.
When Columbus initially set sail, he meant to chart a western sea route to Chain, India and the islands of Asia. During Columbus’ first voyage in 1942, the voyage took him to the Cuba and Hispaniola. During this trip, Columbus entered false records in the voyage logs of the Santa Maria. A History of the United States says, "He altered the records of the distance they had covered so the crew would not think they had gone too far from home" (53). When he returned to Spain, he left a crew of 40 settlers to establish a settlement in Hispaniola.
Francisco Pizarro, born in 1475 in Spain, was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, who is credited with finding the Incan tribe in present-day Peru, and gaining a reputation for being a harsh ruler. Pizarro went on several voyages in his lifetime, but his most famous voyages were the ones involving the Incas. Like many other Spanish explorers, Pizarro wanted to find gold, and had learaned that an area in South America held vast amounts of gold. He led a voyage in 1531, in searach of this gold, but did not find any. A year later, Pizarro led a second voyage to find the gold he sought out for.
This began the colonization of the Dominican Republic from the Spanish Empire. However, the western half remained property of France and was known as Haiti. When Columbus claimed this island Spain renamed it to Santo Domingo. Dominicans wanted their independence. They fought to gain their independence in 1821 but were unfortunately conquered and taken over by Haiti for the following twenty-two years.
Mexican independence started in 1810 with Father Miguel Hidalgo who was able “sparked a massive rebellion of indigenous and mestizo peasants.” And lead the battle of Dolores. Father Jose Maria Morelos, a mestizo who fought for five years lead military campaigns. Independence revolt and conflicts continue until 1821 when the plan of Iguala established Mexico as an independent constitutional monarchy under Agustin de Iturbide. The struggle for independence in Brazil was so different from the one in Mexico because Brazil was the center of the Portuguese empire since Portuguese royal family and nobles fled to Brazil escaping the French army under the leadership of Napoleon. After the defeat of Napoleon, in 1829 King Joao returns Lisbon in1821 leaving his son Prince Pedro in charge.
This ship was captained by da Gama's uncle, Vincent Sodré, and was one of five ships left behind in India to protect Portuguese factories. With no immediate oversight, Sodré took advantage of his free reign to seize and loot Arab ships. In an unfortunate turn of events, though, Esmeralda perished in deep waters in the Arabian Sea during an intense storm in May 1503, bringing its crew and looted treasures along with it (Romey). Esmeralda's route from Europe to India is referred to as the Carreira da India, and was at
John Buckley is an 18 year old sailor who recently joined his uncle’s merchant ship after his father died. 6 years later during a voyage to the Americas, they are attacked by a Spanish pirate ship. Buckley’s uncle is killed in the ensuing battle although the ship survives the attack. He thus vows revenge on the Spanish, having lost his last family member and left with nothing. Buckley takes over his uncle’s ship and travels to Port Royal, where he obtains a letter of marque from the governor to raid Spanish ships as a form of revenge.
The US defeated Spain for control over Cuba and the Philippines. The Americans then decided to colonize the Philippines. However, they disagreed; they wanted to be an independent country. The US then proceeded to take the islands away by force, killing millions of Filipinos in the process.
The only downfall was that the fleet was is different positions and were not able to attack at the same time. On July 21, 1588 The Spanish Armada was on its way through the English Channel, the Armada was attacked by long ranged weapons, The armada received damage and eventually on July 27 anchored in an exposed position off the coast of Calais, France. Two days later at midnight, England sent 8 fire ships out to the Armada, who quickly responded by cutting anchors and sailing away to avoid catching on fire. The panicked fleet was attacked at dawn and fought for 8 hours. The battle ended in a English victory and 7 spanish ships were