This had become necessary to meet a threatened invasion of Texas.” Mexico was invading Texas not the U.S. It doesn 't matter that Texas had been annexed, it was still their problem(Polk 325). We would have been happy to assist, similar to how we did at the Alamo; however, we should have not gone to war for Texas. Why did we go to war for Texas’s problems? Texas applied for annexation to the United State twice in a matter of nine years(Roden 317).
The Spaniards began to try to influence the Aztecs people. They tried to convert the natives to christianity, but their methods were considered radical (“The Conquest of Aztecs”). They would gather the natives and preach the Gospel, even though they didn’t speak their language. If the natives did not go onto their knees and repent they were killed or enslaved. They were thought to be rejecting the religion even though they couldn’t understand them.
The written history of Arizona began when the exploration parties came from Mexico. Spanish missionaries settled north of Nogales, which was founded by Padre Kino. Their mission is now a National Monument. Padre Kino laid the foundations for Spanish development in the area but after he died it came to a halt. In 1821, Mexico declared its independence and went to war with the United States.
President James K. Polk believed that the United States had the God given right to spread across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. This was the belief of “Manifest Destiny,” which was coined by John O’Sullivan. He states “and so far as regards the entire development of the natural rights of man, in moral, political, and national life, we may confidently assume that our country is destined to be the great nation of futurity.” This explains the United States viewpoint and motive as they slowly claim parts of Mexico as theirs. James K. Polk attempted to secure the Mexican agreement to set the border on the Rio Grande and tried to buy northern California from Mexico, but failed because the Mexican government would never agree no matter what the United States offered them. On April 25, 1846, President James K. Polk sent troops led by Zachary Taylor to protect the borders, but actually wanted to just edge on a war with Mexico.
Because of the violent actions the Mexicans troops took against the American troop, James K. Polk demanded congress to declare a war against Mexico. Polk claimed that American blood was shed in American territory but in reality it still wasn’t anyone’s property because both countries claimed the land. At the time Mexico didn’t recognize the annexation of Texas. Mexico took the actions of opening fire after the “annex”, something James K. Polk advocated after his beliefs of manifest destiny which was his belief of expanding America into foreign soil. As soon as Mexico opened fire, the Mexican American war started.
On January 13, 1846 in response to the rejection Polk ordered Taylor to send troops across the Nueces River, and on May 13, 1846 war was officially declared on Mexico by congress. The victory did not come easy to Polk as he thought it would, but on February 2, 1848 an agreement was made with Mexico known as the Treaty of Guadalupe which states Mexico agreed to cede California and New Mexico to the United States. This was shows how far the United States was willing to go in order to fulfill the Manifest Destiny. The Manifest Destiny helped to spark an expansion in the United States that would change the shape of the nation forever. The Louisiana Purchase sparked this idea of expansion, and then was quickly followed by the westward migration of a large population, and this would lead to
Benito Juarez was the 26th President of Mexico. Señor Juarez did a lot for the well being of Mexico, such as stopping the French in Mexico, stopping the Second Mexican Empire, modernizing the country, and other great deeds. Benito Juarez also was a lawyer and a governor before becoming president. President Juarez helped Mexico stop the interference of the French in Mexico. This was an event when Napoleon the Third of France brought his military into Mexico and tried to seize the country.
In chapter four, Menchaca discussed how the Spanish during the late seventh century colonized Texas and Arizona to increase their power and control over the Southwest. The Spanish sent their military powers and church friars to set up forts and missions to control the large vast areas of land. Menchaca discussed the history of Texas 's founding and how it came into the possession of the Spanish. The Spanish wanted to settle in Texas because of possible threats of from the French invading their settled land. They set up missions as a way to protect their new conquered land.
In 1836 Texas declared its independence. (O’Sullivan 323) The war with Mexico happened in Mexico and the US. It started in 1846. (Roden 315) To start the war, Mexicans fired on Americans. People who believed Manifest Destiny believed that it is God’s plan to expand America to the Pacific Ocean.
With the losses adding up, Mexico turned to recent standby General Antonio Lopez Delaware Santa Ana, the strong man who had been living in exile in Cuba. Santa Ana convinced President Polk that, if allowed to come back to United Mexican States, he would finish the war on terms that would be considered favorable to the us. However, once he arrived, he straight off double-crossed President Polk by taking management of the Mexican army and leading it into battle. At the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847, Santa Ana suffered serious casualties and was forced to withdraw. Despite the loss, he assumed the Mexican presidency the next
At that time, only about 75,000 Mexican citizens lived north of the Rio Grande. As a result, U.S. forces led by Stephen W. Kearny and Robert F. Stockton were able to conquer those lands. Taylor advancing, and captured Monterrey in September. With the losses adding up, Mexico turned to old standby General Antonio López de Santa Anna, the strongman who had been living in exile in Cuba. Santa Anna convinced Polk that, if allowed to return to Mexico, he would end the war on terms positive to the United States.
Many people believed that Mexico invaded the United States and caused the U.S Mexico war; however, it was actually United States who raided Mexico first. The author, Rodolfo Acuna, purpose of writing “Occupied America: A History of Chicanos” was too informed of how the United States came to invade Mexico which led to the U.S Mexico War. Such as how the U.S President Polk, who played a huge role in the U.S Mexico war. Other events include the Anglo Settlements in Texas who brought their slaves, Texas War of Independence, and the terms of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. All these events are what led up the U.S Mexico War.
The natives here “attacked with abandon” and after a “bloody contest, Cortes took the city by force (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 78).” The Spaniards later traveled to the near present city of Veracruz, where Cortes first reciprocated messages to Aztec ruler Moctezuma (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 81). After being invited by Moctezuma, Cortes and his men decided to make the 200 miles journey to Tenochtitlan (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 81). Along the way he gained allied, including the Cempoalans and the Tlaxcalans ,whom were native rivals of the Aztec empire (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 82-83). On November 8, 1519, the Spaniards finally arrived in the city and were stared at in awe by the natives as they finally met Moctezuma (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 85). After exploring the city, Spanish forces slowly began to take control of the city.
Not surprisingly powerful people and governments still try to dictate where people can and cannot settle. This is evident in the case of the Texas Mexico border. After the United States acquired a large swath of land from France in the Louisiana Purchase, the Mexican government encouraged thousands of citizens to settle in north Mexico. The thinking was that this would create a buffer zone in the event that the United States would try to settle in the region. However, this backfired as the settlers, in what is now Texas, declared independence in 1836.
“In 1846 the United States went to war with Mexico” (Overview) know one really knows about this war because it was not as big as the Civil War was. In 1821 Mexico had just gotten their independence for Spain and when Mexico was free it made the county very large. “ It stretched from Guatemala to Oregon and was equal to the United States”(Background Essay). Mexico was very nice to the United States and let American farmers settle in the Mexican part of Texas. Was the United States justified in going to war with Mexico?