Hernia Case Study

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The main hospital located in Abuja is equipped with two medical wards which comprises of 30 patient’s beds, an observation room, two operating theatres, x-ray facilities, ultrasound and ECG facilities, well equipped medical laboratory and pharmacy. Also available, are fleets of adequately equipped emergency ambulances which are also ready to be on the move in case of an emergency.
The hospital currently consist of 12 medical doctors who are specialised in various fields, more than 100 nurses, several medical laboratory technologists, pharmacist and other ancillary workers who work immensely to provide adequate healthcare services to the staff and family of Julius Berger Nigeria.

PROJECT WORK: CAUSES/INCIDENCE OF HERNIA AMONG CONSTRUCTION
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There are different types of hernia, these includes, inguinal, umbilical, femoral, hiatus hernias, other types of hernia that can affect the abdomen are:
- Incisional hernias which occurs when tissues pokes through a surgical wound in the abdomen that has not fully healed.
- Epigastric hernia: these occurs when fatty tissues pokes through the abdomen between the navel and the lower part of the breastbone (sternum).
- Spigelian hernias: these occurs when part of the bowel pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel.
- Diaphragmatic hernias: this is when organ in the abdomen moves into the chest cavity and push through an opening in the diaphragm. This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults.
- Muscle hernia: these occurs when part of a muscle pushes through the abdomen. They can occur in leg muscles as a result of sport injuries.
Hernia can occur in any part of the body, but they mostly develop in the areas of the body between the chest and hips. Some of the most common types are discussed
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INGUINAL HERNIA
This type occurs when fatty tissues or part of the bowel pushes through a weakened spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal is found in the groins in both men and women. This type of hernia is more common in men than women, this is because a man’s testicles descend through the inguinal canal shortly after birth and the canal is supposed to close completely behind them, sometimes these canals does not close properly causing a weakened spot which becomes prone to hernias.it is often associated with aged and repetition of strain on the abdomen.
FEMORAL HERNIA
Femoral hernias occurs just below the inguinal ligament, when abdominal tissues pass into the weakened area at the posterior wall of the femoral canal. They can be hard to distinguish from the inguinal hernia, although they usually appear more rounded. Femoral hernias are easily strangulated, repair is the same technique with inguinal

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