Beowulf has been read by millions of readers and critiqued by hundreds of scholars, yet it remains a popular classic worldwide; perhaps the very construct that weaves varying religious contexts has helped to create an enduring interest in this poem. Christian mores mingling with Germanic myth and nature’s religion create a distinctive relationship seldom seen in other literary works. One of literature’s earliest epic poems, Beowulf, contains a unique amalgamation of religious concepts that, at times, seem to contrast each other. Considering the time period and popular worldview of the time during which the poem was written, it is likely that the author was intentional in the style and content of his work Beowulf, written sometime between
Beowulf is on of the first works of English literature. It might have been recorded in writing in Old English around 700 A.D. by an Anglo-Saxon poet. Since Beowulf originated from Anglo-Saxons, are the traditions that affect the events of the poem Beowulf accurately represent those of the Anglo-Saxons? The basic purpose of an epic poem was to share stories of the culture’s history, pass down the values of the culture, and also to entertain the listeners. The Anglo-Saxons had a pagan culture that honored warriors more than anything.
Wiglaf goes to protect Beowulf. “…[Wiglaf’s] mind was made up; he raised his yellow shield and drew his sword…”(104,2609-2610). However Beowulf goes to save the honor of Hrothgar’s friend. “Each of us will come to the end of this life on earth; he who can earn it should fight for the glory of his name…” (69, 1386-1388). Only Wiglaf tried to save a friend.
Beowulf was bitten by the dragon and injured. Wiglaf then comes to save Beowulf, and kills the dragon stabbing him right in the neck. By winning the battle Wiglaf got the treasure and the pleasure to become King of the Geats. In conclusion, Beowulf was a hero, even though he died, he was willing to sacrifice his life for his comrades. He showed his strength with every decision he made.
A large portion of the characters in the ballad—the Swedish and Danish regal relatives, for instance—compare to real chronicled figures. Initially agnostic warriors, the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian trespassers encountered a huge scale transformation to Christianity toward the finish of the 6th century. Despite the fact that still an old agnostic story, Beowulf in this manner came to be told by a Christian writer. The Beowulf artist is regularly making careful effort to trait Christian musings and intentions to his characters, who as often as possible carry on in particularly un-Christian ways. The Beowulf that we read today is consequently presumably very not at all like the Beowulf with which the principal Anglo-Saxon groups of onlookers were well known.
“If you truly love nature, you will find beauty everywhere.” Poets and authors who lived throughout the British Literature Romantic Era in would agree to this statement. The poets and authors of the Romantic era such as Jane Austen, Mary Shelley, and C.S. Lewis believed that beauty was found in nature. They believed nature had the power of healing. They carefully crafted nature and exploration into their novels because they believed that nature added a layer of complexity and interest to the novels.
For Beowulf, this is unacceptable and he gathers a few warriors to help kill the dragon. During the fight, Beowulf’s sword is no match for the dragon. This is when Wiglaf, the bravest of his men comes to help Beowulf kill the dragon. The duel between Beowulf and the dragon is his third and final battle that eventually ends his life. “So every man should act, be at hand when needed; but now, for the king, this would be the last of his many labors and triumphs in the world” (183).
In Raffel’s version, Beowulf’s belief in fate can be seen near the end of his speech to Hrothgar. Near the end the end of the speech he states that fate will unwind as it must when he fights Grendel. This means that Beowulf believes that fate will decide if he will claim victory over Grendel, clearly demonstrating his belief in fate. In Haney’s version, Beowulf displays his belief as well before a battle, in particular, the fight with the dragon. This is demonstrated when Beowulf states that “‘...What occurs on the wall between the two of us will turn out as fate’” (Haney 675-676).
Beowulf gave up his own life for his kingdom and would forever be Herot’s hero. He passed the kingdom to Wiglaf, his bravest comrade. His final words were directed to Wiglaf, and he spoke, “You’re the last of all our far-flung family. Fate has swept our race away, taken warriors in their strength and I led them to the death that was waiting. And now I follow them” (835-838).
After he blinds himself, he accepts his fate. For Beowulf, the apotheosis is when he is bitten by the dragon. The injury during the battle against the dragon is the deadly cause for his death. Unlike Gilgamesh and Oedipus whose apotheosis are symbolic deaths; Beowulf actually dies due to apotheosis. The ultimate boon is the eleventh step, which is the stage when the hero gains the prize of the adventure.
In many societies, ancient and modern, religion has played an important role in shaping people to pursue their destiny. In books two and four of the Aeneid by Virgil, the Trojans and Aeneas do exactly the same. Through the epic of book II , Aeneas goes on to explaining the war between the Trojans and the Greeks. Book IV focuses on Queen Dido and her deep love for Aeneas and the importance of god 's word to Aeneas, which is problematic for for Dido. Virgil proves how in the Roman culture the Romans put god in front of themselves and what they believe.
Wicca is a rapidly growing neopagan religious movement that is a nature based religion that celebrates the changing of the seasons and with a belief in a Divine that it is manifested into two aspects; the God and the Goddess that is revitalizing the “Old Ways”. There are generally two schools of thought about the history of Wicca as a religion. One is that Wicca is a continuous hidden witchcraft religion that had its start in paleolithic times then went underground and remained hidden during the Burning Times where Christianity came to the forefront, and the other is that Wicca is a modern reconstruction of the old pagan religions. The word wicca finds its roots in the old Anglo-Saxon word wicce that means one who practices sorcery with
This, I believe is the most important; although not every future country in the Western Civilization will be Jewish, most by the Dark Ages will be some form of Catholic or Christian. Despite how barbaric the Dark Ages were from the time Rome was in power, this important piece of history established the powers that would soon begin to shape the world in the next few centuries. Without the Hebrews’ influences on Western Civilization, the old Greek gods that the Roman adopted or even perhaps Pagan styles of worship may have been the future for Western Civilizations. With all this in mind, it is clear to see how important the ancient Hebrews were with their legacy of spirituality, and a more defined way of life under one
Kings would offer their daughters as gifts to avoid going to war and build alliances. Women were so vital to peace and happiness they needed to be properly looked after, even confined. If a woman was not taken care of, the king would be accused of making things pejorative. Thus setting peace negotiations back to a standstill. To secure women were to give birth to a child, interweaving the bloodlines, thus creating a peace pledge.
Before 300 CE, Rome was polytheistic, believed in multiple gods. Being polytheistic was a benefit because of all the cultural diffusion in their large area and grand population. The supernatural world is very significant in the roman cultural belief system.Then in 300 CE, Romans adopted Christianity as their religion. Before hand, christians were executed and lowered ranked, when Christianity was not their main religion. Romans changed their minds because when Constantine was ruler he promised Jesus and his mother “If you will give me victory in this battle, then I will officially become a Christian.” He won the battle and fulfilled his promise.