Drug abuse is the habitual use of substances in dangerous amounts or even methods that may bring harm to the user of the substances (World Health Organization, 2009). The substances commonly used are psychoactive substances which can easily lead to a dependency problem by the substance user. Drug abuse is a sociological threat that poses a danger to all people especially the youth. Addiction is possible not only with illegal drugs such as heroin and cocaine, but also with prescription drugs such as oxycodone. According to National Institute on Drug Abuse, the United States government loses about $700 billion every year due to crimes caused by people under the influence of drugs, medical costs, and addicted workers.
Drug Addiction Zaid Tabaza 8’5 Figure 1: Drug Addiction Key Concept: Relationships Related Concept: Consequences, Environment Balance. Global Context: Identities and Relationships Addiction is the state of overdependence on a certain substance. Drug addiction, caused by social, environmental, and genetic factors, has become a global problem with serious implications on those affected, their societies, and the economy. Main causes of addiction shown in Figure 1 include the overuse of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs. Table 1 shows that deaths because of drug overdoses in the US during 2010 exceeded 38,000 people.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the use of illegal drugs was growing; which undertook a war on drugs. As of June 2001, there were a total of 697 drug court programs, serving around 226,000 offenders and another 427 programs being planned (Office of Justice Programs, 2001). The drug court can be seen as a social movement to crack down on drugs. Although the drug court model continues to evolve, there are some key components. Some of these key components are, a non adversarial approach that emphasizes teamwork; eligible participants are defined early and promptly placed in the drug court program; and abstinence is monitored by frequent alcohol and drug testing, and so on.
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
Example, the penalties for crack before 2008 where much harsher on those found guilty of crack even though, gram for gram powder cocaine, is pharmacologically identical. However, at the time people that use crack at the time were primarily poor black Americans in inner cities. Cocaine users at the time were whites, that lived in the suburbs and where at the time the upper class in society. According to Manuela, 2003 “other evidence for this argument of conflict theory in the history of the illegality of opium, cocaine, and marijuana. Chinese immigrants for opium, prejudice against African Americans for cocaine and prejudice against Mexican Americans for marijuana” and Block, J. F.2013 backs up this with laws and
Introduction: Attention getter: according to ohio.gov, over 4,000 people died of drug overdose in 2016. Relevance: drug abuse is a growing epidemic especially here in Ohio, which is ranked 2nd worst overdose rates in the united states. Credibility: multiple of my family members have been addicted to drugs and i have first hand experience of how drug abuse can affect someone's life, and how rehab affects people addicted to drugs vs how prison affects people addicted to drugs. Thesis & Preview: as a result of the growing drug epidemic in the United States, thousands die every year. There are many proposed solutions for this problem such as decriminalization, rehab, prison, and even the death penalty.
One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4). With few policy changes since the war on drugs began, the results are, in 2000 the U.S. surpassed Russia as the leader of having the most individuals incarcerated. Michigan, a relatively small state, in regard to population, has more individuals incarcerated than the country of France, and the numbers get worse in the larger states like California. From 1980 to 2000 the “number of individuals incarcerated increased 300%, with the majority being African Americans” (Sirin 7). The last few years have seen “some
The use of drugs and substances gradually increased over the fast five decades. During 1920s in Prohibition Era many children and adolescents used marijuana , just like heroin usage in1950s in New York and 1990 crack epidemic . These serious concerns caught the attention people who are involved in their children’s live and education. They were trying to understand the reasons of substance abuse and ways that it could be more effectively prevented. Researchers and scientists came up with three combinations of biological , psychological and sociological theories of why they might think adolescents use drugs and alcohol.
The War on Drugs that the government has been fighting for almost two centuries has been a failure. The War on Drugs has made criminal organizations, violence around the world, and drugs themselves worse. The War on Drugs has negatively affected the lives of millions of people around the world as it has led to massive incarceration in the United States; corruption, political destabilization, and violence in Latin America, Asia, and Africa; to systemic human rights abuses across the world. Prohibition of certain drugs has actually led to higher rate of violence and murders all around the world. Which drugs are legal and illegal is not really based on any specific scientific assessment of the relative risk of the drugs, but it has everything
The use of cocaine increases in the society and the dangers of the drug started to become obvious. Coca-Cola company were then forced to remove the coca leaves ingredient from the soft drink in 1903. Cocaine was popularly used by snorting in 1905 and within the duration of five years, there were many cases of nasal damage reported in the hospitals due to the use of cocaine. There were about 5000 deaths related to
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 was a law that was signed by President Ronald Reagan on October 27, 1986. This law was what officially began the all-out war on drugs that is still being fought today by local, state and federal law enforcement agencies across the United States and internationally. This particular Act has been one of the leading cause of mass incarceration of both men and women in America. The prison population has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 2000 due to strict laws against drug dealers, drug traffickers, and users. Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).
One issue that social workers are faced with today is the ever growing population of Heroin and Methamphetamine users in Indiana. Over the past several years, both heroin and meth usage in Indiana has continued to rise. This surge has affected citizens of Indiana in a multitude of ways, including children being removed from homes. The increased removal rate has put on a strain on emergency shelters to provide for “drug endangered children.” Heroin is an opiate, much like prescription painkillers. However, heroin is much easier to obtain and less expensive than prescription drugs.
Opioid Epidemic in the United States The opioid crisis has risen over the years here in America. The addiction to painkillers has caused many drug overdoses across America. According to the Vox," In 2015, more than 52,000 people have died from drug overdoses from linked to opioids such as Percocet, heroin, Oxycontin or even fentanyl. This problem did not become an overnight health crisis, but it has become quickly known in America. Expanding our drug treatment centers across America would provide the support to those who are addicted to drugs.