The greatest literary works reflect the human condition: from adversity come epiphanies of wisdom and heroism. Despite varying time periods and cultures, literature shows how solely through hardship can humanity heroically advance with wisdom. For example, The Iliad’s conflict between the Greeks and the Trojans show the wisdom of humanity in war and the heroic acts of war. The Iliad and The Biography of the Prophet show the human condition of suffering as the sole means of bringing heroic acts and the advancement of humanity in wisdom. In The Iliad, the suffering in war provides the way for the characters can gain glory though heroic acts.
Together, Iago and Roderigo plotted to destroy Cassio’s image and reputation as well as Desdemona’s marriage. As Iago began setting Cassio up, he began to develop feelings of his own for Desdemona. Iago and Roderigo’s actions resulted in numerous deaths throughout the play. First Iago stabs and kills Roderigo. Then, Othello’s jealousy leads him to smother Desdemona because she was “false with Cassio” (Shakespeare 767).
His pride here is shown by his overreaction to the suitors’ attempts at, what they thought was, a widowed woman by slaughtering them all, even those who spoke for Odysseus and tried to support him. Through the course of his journey, from beginning to end, Odysseus showcases his pride, once by shouting his name at a mad Cyclops, and once more by killing the innocent and guilty alike in the massacre at his home hall. This violates the monomyth by its absence of a character change and the hero’s continued
The Iliad, a poem written by Homer, almost 3000 years ago is known as a classic in the world of English literature today. This epic poems storyline revolves around the Trojan War fought between the Trojans and Greeks. Many characters are introduced throughout The Iliad, but there are two characters that stand out from the rest. These two archetypal characters represent and embodies the values their society admires and aspires to. These heroes follow the heroic code, a code which consists of having qualities of a leader, fighting for arete, and having the ability to accept his fate.
In a society where heroism and bravery are honored as essential aspects of culture, the contrasting values of these characters, or foils, help define Beowulf as the model hero. He becomes often associated with the image of a perfect, almighty warrior, able to prove his fame in any situation. However, the foil characters can do more than purely illuminate his positive values. With the contrast they provide, Beowulf’s faults are revealed and criticized as well. Although foil characters often point out the greatness of Beowulf, they also serve to highlight Beowulf’s flaws, teach him lessons, and allow him to change, as seen in his interactions with Unferth, Hrothgar, and the dragon.
Revenge in The Crucible is portrayed very negatively throughout the entire story. People began to reveal their anger with revenge on friends, enemies, even their neighbors for things that had been done in the past and present. Abigail Williams uses revenge on Elizabeth Proctor, because she’s jealous of the couple 's marriage. Ann Putnam, accuses Rebecca Nurse of the death of her seven babies. Thomas Putnam is accusing people so he can buy their land.
Countless people have had their hearts broken due to cheating and deception. However, in the Arthurian legend, these disastrous love triangles have much more devastating consequences. One story in the Arthurian legend is of Iseult, King Mark, and the knight Tristan, and their eventual demise as a result of their love triangle. Then, before King Arthur was even conceived, his father Uther and the Duke Gorlois fought over over Igraine, and waged a war over her, costing many lives. Finally, Lancelot’s affair with Arthur and Queen Guinevere set off a chain of actions that destroy the kingdom of Camelot.
He is Hamlet’s love interest’s brother who implicates Hamlet’s success through conflict. Hamlet sparks the rivalry between the two families by killing some of the family members. By executing Laertes father and Polonius, this causes Polonius’ son, Laertes, to seek vengeance for his father. Consequently, Hamlet’s family goes against him and his love, Ophelia, kills herself. This demonstrates that family ties, even if not blood related, have serious impacts on Hamlet’s life which causes misery to overwhelm his life; this misery prohibits his success.
Even if it means evoking the wrath of the gods, glorifying himself is more important. For Odysseus, his is considered the greatest when he is destroying those around him for personal glory. An example of this is Eurycleia, the nurse, when she finds Odysseus: “splattered with gore, his thighs, his fighting hands, / and she, when she saw the corpses, all the pooling blood, / was about to lift a cry of triumph – here was a great exploit” (22.431-433). Through this passage Homer, clearly demonstrates that the ability to exalt oneself, even at the cost of others’ lives is what makes a Greek hero. Eighth century Greek culture was individualistic, rather than focusing on the community, and Odysseus is a clear reflection of
When Antigone loses all regard for the law and allows others in Thebes to follow in her actions and question the authority, the first part of Creon’s hubris is then destroyed; his ability to rule. After Antigone is sentenced to death as punishment, Creon’s other part of pride is soon to fall. Haemon, Antigone’s husband, is distraught by the death of his wife and decides to kill himself so he can be set to rest with the love of his life. Soon after finding out of the death of her last son, Creon’s wife takes her own life. Which is the complete downfall of Creon with no power or family, he has nothing.
What makes a hero to you? Is it being brave, strong, bold, or even saving the world? Well, according to Joseph Cambell,” The moral objection (of heroism) is that of saving people, or person, or idea...sacrificing…for…. Something,” (Marlantes 3). In the story the Odyssey, Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, shows all the characteristics of being a hero.