Introduction In today’s business, maximization of profits represents the principal feature of business operations. In order to achieve the highest profits, companies have to manage their human resources effectively. Thus, employee’s motivation has emerged as a critical component, it holds the key to the success of a company. Therefore, human resource managers must motivate their employees to let them perform to their best and achieve the organizational goals.
It promotes retention of talent, promote customer loyalty and improve organizational performance and stakeholder value. Engagement is influenced by many factors like workplace culture, organizational communication and managerial styles to trust and respect, leadership and company reputation. For today’s different generations, access to training and career opportunities, work/life balance and empowerment to make decisions are important. Thus, to promote a culture of engagement, HR leads the way to design, measure and evaluate proactive workplace policies and practices that help attract and retain talent with skills and competencies necessary for growth and
The line manager or any individual in a leadership role face the challenge of earning the trust and building a solid work relationship with its employees. Therefore, it is the human resource department’ responsibility to introduce workplace laws and policies as it relates to ethical stewardship. The human resource department have a greater role in contributing to the success of an organization’s performance. On account of, understanding strategic human resource management role provides a vital concept of the ethical duties implemented by the human resource professionals. As a result, this process adds value by connecting the right people with the right strategy which in turn increases job performance.
Moreover, both job satisfaction and employee engagement are playing a significant role through accomplishing the organizational goals and objectives effectively and efficiency. Job satisfaction is important in the organizational settings, because according to Robbins and judge in 2013, first of all, job satisfaction affects productivity because several studies have stated that, the more employees are satisfied and happy, they more likely to have more products. Secondly, job satisfaction influences absenteeism, there is a negative relationship among job satisfaction absenteeism because satisfied employees are less likely to miss work. In the third place, job satisfaction again plays an essential role through the decisions of staying or leaving of the workers within the organization which is called turnover .in the fourth stage, job satisfaction is the main consideration of an employee 's organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), also the employees who are more satisfied are more likely to involve in OCBs, and talk more positively about the firm.
Employee rights and responsibilities have developed over time to also foster in the protection for employees as well. Employers have the problem of balancing the legalities with responsibilities and the total social engagement of an organization. With employees rights and responsibilities comes the concepts of due process, employment at-will, duty of diligence, duty of obedience, and duty of loyalty. Employers love to have an engaged workforce so seeking out ways to have a productive organization can be challenging. Employee involvement strategies have been created to include employees in the some of the decision making in their day-to-day activities.
Stacy Adams believed that when there is inequity people will react in several different ways, some will justify the inequity by downplaying their efforts, eg ‘I don’t work that hard so I don’t deserve what that person earns’, or highlighting the referents inputs, eg ‘that person is more qualified than me so deserves better pay’. However, his theory relies on the following reaction, if the person perceiving the inequity increases or decreases their inputs to match the referents outcomes to create a more equal work environment. This was shown to be true in a study with piece-rate employees. Those who felt they were being underpaid increased quantity and reduced quality in order to achieve the same pay as other workers.
This would improve productivity. Generation Y is dominating in the workforce and one of the important traits of this generation is “Recognition” more than money. Therefore, the organizations should consider these aspects in order to improve employee engagement. This is also the most digitally sophisticated generation who is constantly looking for sustainable environment therefore, workplace is important in attracting and retaining Gen Y. Other such factors can include, location of a company, technological provisions and the flexibility, adaptability which supports both formal and informal engagement and interaction. Ensuring participation of the employees in a way to make them important and needed is again
Right person for right job : Job Redesigning helps in creating a right person-job fit while harnessing the full potential of employees. It helps organization as well as employees in achieving their targets or goals. The job characteristics model designed by Hackman and Oldham which is based on the idea that the task
Researchers have shaped compelling evidence for the fundamental relation between employee performance and how management acts with them (Boheene & Asuinura, 2011). They claim that the effectiveness of human resource practices, particularly employee selection, performance appraisals, benefits and reward management, procedures and employee training and development often have a direct effect on the productivity and performance of the employee. And implementing an effective human resource management can enhance the organization 's ability to attract and maintain qualified and motivated employees yield greater profitability, low employee turnover and these invariably lead to higher productivity.
In line with this theory, the surrounding units include employees, the public, shareholders, corporate partners, the government and the general public. The theory demonstrates that each of these stakeholders have a role in the success of an organization. An organization that needs to maintain and take care of its clients should first focus on taking care of its employees. As Morgeson, Mitchell, and Dong (2015) allude, employees will always take care of the organization 's clients if they are taken care of. In essence, when an organization works with satisfied employees, the employees will try as much as possible to ensure they have a sustainable job through working for the benefit of the organization’s sustainability.
Motivational Improvement Program Organizational efficiency and effectiveness is a necessity as organizations seek to secure their competitive advantage in a global marketplace. As a result, organizations seek ways to improve their products and services and reduce cost. The biggest asset and investment for any organization is human capital, employees. Organizations realize the quality of their products and services depends on their employees ' productivity and performance; therefore, organizations must find ways to motivate their employees. Consequently, they search for and apply research on motivational theories and/or models to help motivate employees.
The case analysis will develop an understanding of Engstrom’s organizational issues of the company. The analysis will examine the impact of results from organizational theories and concepts that will explain the behavior at Engstrom. Furthermore, there will be a clear direction of elements for and solution for Engstrom to implement within the organization. Explanation In 2005, the Engstrom company was facing an economic downturn.