Hierarchy In Medieval Times

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The feudal structure comprises of dominant class and a class of peasantry, which is headed by the king. The king has the state power which is dependent on the landlord class. The relation between the two classes is established through fiefs and process of subinfeudation. Subinfeudation is the practice by which tenants, holding land under the king or other superior lord, carved out new and distinct tenures in their turn by sub-letting or alienating a part of their lands, and it gives rise to regular hierarchy. For example, in south India the king grants lands to beneficiary, the beneficiary to the occupant, the occupant to the sub-occupant, and the sub-occupant to the tiller of the soil. In India, the whole class of landlords belongs to the brahmanas and kshatriyas and the peasant class belongs to the Sudras who are divide into various castes based on ritualistic grading. But since there is a wide gap between the landlords or the upper castes and the lower caste, that is, the peasantry the former commands over the latter. The Concept of Hierarchy in Medieval Times Hierarchy started as a result of the varna system. The pre-feudal hierarchy was based on collection of gifts, taxes and tributes from vaishyas and extortion of labour service which was legitimized through ritualistic competition. The post-feudal hierarchy is based on merit, open competition and the public examination system. Although large number of people did not have access to education there is still scope for
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