Piaget and Maslow: Teaching the whole child Exceptional educators keep their fingers on the pulse of what their students need, in order to teach them effectively. Examining Piaget and Maslow’s theories, and applying them to the classroom will facilitate achieving this goal. Considering Piaget’s focus on development, and Maslow’s prioritization of human needs, one can integrate these ideas into classrooms and lesson plans that are optimized for student success. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development Piaget asserts, children are born with inherited scripts, called schema, these schema are building blocks for cognitive development. As a child grows, he acquires more of these building blocks; moreover, these building blocks become more complex as the child progresses through different stages in development (Huitt, Hummel 2003).
Being a pre-service training educator, specific goals and objectives should be set to achieve educator’s own educational philosophy. The Educational philosophy is an individual statement of educators’ guiding principles about the education-related issues, which helps to guide when drawing up curricula and structuring classroom discussions for children. Every educator should have their unique set of principles and ideas to affect students’ performance. I strongly believe that early childhood education is to help children to achieve whole person development which including cognitive, physical, mental and social aspects. Children’s programs should be based on children’s needs and interests as they are going to grow, develop and mature in educators’
Abstract Early childhood education (ECE) is a category of educational program which relates to the teaching of little children in their preschool years. It comprises of many activities and experiences designed to assist in the cognitive and social development of preschoolers before they start elementary school. In most early childhood programs and schools, technology will be part of the learning background of the future. To make sure this new technology is used effectively, we must assure that teachers are fully trained and supported. In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development are discussed with the basic elements of learning program.
In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure he/she understands the students ' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Constructivism has many benefits namely: Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved; students learn how to think and understand and transfer learning; students create organizing principles that they can take with them to other learning settings; it gives students ownership of what they learn, since learning is based on students ' questions and explorations, and often the students have a hand in designing the assessments as well; it engages the students ' initiatives and personal investments in their journals, research reports, physical models, and artistic representations; and it promotes social and communication skills by creating a classroom environment that emphasizes collaboration and exchange of
• Furthermore, Piaget also talked about Discovery learning. This relates to the idea that children learn best through doing and actively exploring. This shall suit my subject area as in a Physical Education class, much practice are involved, this will best suit my students to be engaged thoroughly in class. • According to Piaget 's theory children should not be taught certain concepts until they have reached the appropriate stage of cognitive development. Personally, I think this is very useful to us PE Teachers to understand this fact so as to plan and for the betterment of our students also.
It should provide them with feedback on their skill progression, motivate them to improve and contribute greatly to their overall development. It also guides the teacher, showing them both how and what the children are learning. This, in turn, enables them to adjust their lessons to account for all students in the classroom and self-reflect on their teaching practices for future planning. Given the wide
The point of this article is basically being there for them, teach them how to be independence, have someone to be in their life that we care about them. When the kids have trouble of reading, spelling, studying, we tutorial them and give them practice skills to work on their weakness to work on. We teach them how to control their emotions. When you have a friendly relationship is to always let them know that you care about them and show them develop trust to them, have that special bond with them. It is important to teach students about the classroom rules, schools rules, daily routines, learn to practice new skills in the classroom and out of the classroom, and now their school schedule and outside of school schedule.
It provided relevant activities or examples where the educator may apply the theory within their own classroom to encourage development using each theory. It is imperative for the teachers to understand these theories in order to approach situations, in their classrooms, effectively and practice the encouragement of development within their students as each learner perceives information uniquely. They embolden the teacher to use various activities wherein children can participate in order to gain further understanding of conceptions that they are faced with. This countenances for effective teaching methods that can be executed within the classroom and provides the educator with sufficient knowledge and understanding of their
These include goal setting, organizational skills, time management, and strategies to learn new things. They are precursors to learning, skills or ability sets that are important for students to learn any content area knowledge. These are often discussed in the context of executive functions. Executive functions impacts a student’s ability to socialize with their friends, converse with their teacher and other staff members, homework completion and simply getting to and from school. Researchers have found that when children exhibit executive function, they are able to learn more in the classroom, because they can focus on the teacher and their work.
There are various learning processes which a teacher can adopt and it solely depends on the children’s learning mode preferences present in the classroom. If the various learning activities are used whilst bearing in mind the children’s strengths and needs, each single child can reach his full potential and benefitting from each learning activity. Many theories struck me during the lectures amongst which Piaget’s and Vygostky’s theories. Mainly, they have struck me most because I can relate to them. The theories of Piaget’s Stages of Development and Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development are very relevant to my pedagogy and teaching strategies adopted in my Year 1 classroom.