Hills Like White Elephants Gender Analysis

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"Gender-Linked Miscommunication in 'Hills Like White Elephants,'" is Pamela Smiley's critique of Ernest Hemingway's "Hills Like White Elephants" in which she identifies gendered miscommunication between the American man and Jig. Jig is pregnant with the American man's child. However, the American is in search of freedom, which he feels will be lost if the baby is brought into this world. But, for Jig, she expresses subtly, in a gender-linked message, a suggestion that the abortion would have a negative impact upon their lives. "Even though traditional female language is generally more skillful and creative than traditional male language, because his is more authoritative, and powerful, the male's best effects submission" (Smiley 10). Smiley
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