Often times, Americans experienced depression over the war and the tragic casualties that came along with it. Hemingway articulates his sentiment that war is simply the outcome of an already obscure and tyrannous world. He exposes the fickle nature of humanity and teaches that at times we can be harsh. However, we are also adept to compassion, honesty, and even dignity, despite society’s recurrent attempts to forget or disperse true love. In itself, these factors make the novel appear incredibly timeless, and classic.
Ernest Hemingway’s classic American novel, A Farewell to Arms is the story of the first-hand account of Frederic Henry, a man who served in World War I and fell in love with a nurse named Catherine. Hemingway utilized several techniques to manifest the theme of war and love with the ultimate result of death. The author fostered the characters through an emotional journey of highs and lows as death constantly hovered over them. Hemingway had to capture the concept of death correctly and impose the overall theme, which is why the ending was rewritten forty-seven times. Hemingway’s distinctive writing style centered around the dark perspectives of the 20th century, which sparked much controversy and criticism.
How Symbolism Effects The Story Ernest Hemingway’s short story “Hills Like White Elephants” is a very famous story that has been popular and will continue being popular. It is about a young man and woman who are caught in a predicament amongst themselves and they both have different views on what they should do. Hemingway uses the actions and gestures of the man and woman to help the reader better understand and foreshadow what was coming next, as well as the setting to reveal the symbolic meanings throughout the story. The story is about an operation that an American man and woman are trying to decide wether to precede or not. However, both the man and the woman have different point of views on how they should handle the situation.
He portrays this relationship through the use of imagery, structure, and paradox. Throughout the entire passage, imagery is a constant. It is used to not only create images in your mind, but to also bond you to the man, the fish, and their relationship. Hemingway deliberately uses words and sentence structures so that
Throughout the short story (1), “Hills Like White Elephants,” Ernest Hemingway is speaking about a seemingly unwanted pregnancy and a woman’s uneasiness with going through an abortion. However, Hemingway never explicitly says in this work of fiction (2) that it is about abortion or that the woman, Jig, is uncomfortable with it, but uses symbolism (3) to present this to the audience. At the time “Hills like White Elephants” was published, in 1927, abortion was illegal in most places and a very taboo subject that wasn’t to be openly discussed in public. Thus, Hemingway relied greatly upon the use of symbolism to get his message across for this reason as well as the third person narrator (4) that did not give insight into the character’s thoughts within this piece of literature (5) . He uses symbols such as the train station, white hills, the baggage, and the drinks to point towards the underlying internal conflict (6) of Jig’s decision that is being heavily influenced by the American man, who wants Jig to get the abortion.
Symbolism plays a fundamental role in Hemingway’s “Hills Like White Elephants”. The different symbols used throughout the story are capable of subtly conveying intricate concepts to the readers of this recognized literary work. It then becomes essential for them to detect all these symbols, and discern the deep meanings which they hold in order to truly grasp the story’s message which the author intended to transmit. Without this insight, many first-time readers may view the story as a simple and casual dialog between two people, a man and a woman, waiting for a train from Barcelona to Madrid. Thus, they become unaware of the intense conflict the two main characters are actually facing, haunted by the difficult decision of terminating a pregnancy
She is a very deep rooted person which means that she cannot be pushed around or bothered even when thing get rough. This connects to the Harlem Renaissance because it was a time of depression for many people but she covers all of her sorrows by using her talents and trying to make others enjoy themselves. She is redefining herself despite all of the troubles that she is going through. The tone in the beginning in the book changed from being powerful to becoming more calm. When the poet says,¨Applauding youth laughed with young prostitutes/ watched her perfect, half-clothed body sway¨ (lines 1-2).
In his story “Hills Like White Elephants”, Ernest Hemingway points out the couple's inability to make the decision: whether to abort the unborn child or not. The reader finds that the story deals with couple's miscommunication through the conversation and the emotions that they express. One can observe that no descriptions are given to the characters, thus, Hemingway creates universal dilemma to focus on the crucial issue. In this way, Hemingway leads the reader to identify with his female character that undergoes a struggle. In the beginning of the story, a description of the setting is presented: “The hills across the valley of the Ebro were long and white.
Frederic has become aware of the soul and in his relation with Catherine he has achieved a greater awareness of life more than the experience he has attained from war; he realizes that life extends beyond the physical desires and beyond the physical body and realizes that the men who insist to maintain the war ignore the soul. Hemingway once said that he rewrote the last page of the novel thirty-nine times before getting his satisfaction of it, which places the emphasis that Hemingway’s real goal was not to end the novel with the tragic vision of Catherine’s death but to reveal the betterment of the man after committing a fault against himself. Frederic, whose all previous concerns have been about the sensuality of his world and whom he has refused the existence of the soul unless he can see it, has attained a real love that has enabled him to realize the difference between the body and the soul.