Motherhood In the story “ Hills like white elephants” by Ernest Hemingway is a fascinating story, set at a train station at Zaragosa, Spain. This story first appeared in a short story collection titled Men without Women, which was published in 1927. In their dialogue, conflict is created as the characters face what most readers believe to be the obstacle of unexpected pregnancy. The author sets “Hills Like White Elephants” at a train station to highlight the fact that the relationship between the American man and the girl is at a crossroads. Planted in the middle of a desolate valley, the station isn’t a final destination but merely a stopping point between Barcelona and Madrid.
The short story “Hills Like White Elephants,” by Ernest Hemingway, is about a young couple and the polemic (controversial) issue of abortion. Though the word “abortion” is nowhere in the story, it is doubtlessly understood through Hemingway’s powerful use of two literary elements: setting and symbolism. From the first paragraph the setting immediately introduces the tense atmosphere that will surround the rest of the story. The story takes place in Spain in the late 1920’s. The setting is described as follows: The hills across the valley of the Ebro were long and white.
Throughout the short story (1), “Hills Like White Elephants,” Ernest Hemingway is speaking about a seemingly unwanted pregnancy and a woman’s uneasiness with going through an abortion. However, Hemingway never explicitly says in this work of fiction (2) that it is about abortion or that the woman, Jig, is uncomfortable with it, but uses symbolism (3) to present this to the audience. At the time “Hills like White Elephants” was published, in 1927, abortion was illegal in most places and a very taboo subject that wasn’t to be openly discussed in public. Thus, Hemingway relied greatly upon the use of symbolism to get his message across for this reason as well as the third person narrator (4) that did not give insight into the character’s thoughts within this piece of literature (5) . He uses symbols such as the train station, white hills, the baggage, and the drinks to point towards the underlying internal conflict (6) of Jig’s decision that is being heavily influenced by the American man, who wants Jig to get the abortion.
How Symbolism Effects The Story Ernest Hemingway’s short story “Hills Like White Elephants” is a very famous story that has been popular and will continue being popular. It is about a young man and woman who are caught in a predicament amongst themselves and they both have different views on what they should do. Hemingway uses the actions and gestures of the man and woman to help the reader better understand and foreshadow what was coming next, as well as the setting to reveal the symbolic meanings throughout the story. The story is about an operation that an American man and woman are trying to decide wether to precede or not. However, both the man and the woman have different point of views on how they should handle the situation.
Thirdly, he tries to normalize the operation to make her feel like it’s a common thing, no big deal, he tells her she doesn’t “have to be afraid. [he’s] known lots of people that have it done”(53). After all of these comments he made to convince her of his decision he tries to play it off like he wants her to do whatever she feels is right. The final key to manipulation: make it seem like it was her decision when in reality he manipulated her into making this choice all along. Manipulation is unfortunately a common theme in relationships and this short story does an incredible job by shining light on that issue in human relationships.
Either way, Louise knows that she should be upset. At first, she does start crying, but after having some time to herself, she begins to whisper “Free!” (Chopin 426). Louise understands that she has this new-found freedom from the oppression of Brently, and that is why she seems both happy and upset. Even though he loved her, he still oppressed her. This leads to the conclusion that even though Brently was kind with his “tender hands” (Chopin 426) he still had the ability to oppress his wife even if he did not mean to.
It seems as if they drink to avoid speaking about what they will do about the pregnancy. The American man attempts to reassure her about the safety of the operation, stating that he’s known many people who have had the operation. Jig states “so have I,” “And afterward they were all so happy.” Jig is less concerned with the safety risks associated with the procedure, and more concerned with how the abortion will affect her own personal happiness. Manipulation on Jig’s part occurs when she says “Then I’ll do it. Because I don’t care about me.” To which the American man responds by saying “I don’t want you to do it if you feel that way.” Jig uses this statement to manipulate the American man who clearly cares about whether she would actually like to have the abortion.
In the short story "Hills Like White Elephants" by Ernest Hemingway the central idea is people sometimes don't appreciate something special when it's in front them.This story can put in the category of Drama because at the end the reader is left with a open ending unlike other dramas that have a closing.The story is about a couple who is waiting for a train at a railroad junction in Spain they decide to have a beer then have a conversation of whether to go through the abortion of their child.Next, the bartender tells the couple that the train arrives in 5 minutes so the American moves their bags onto the other side of the train station and gets a drink at the bar while Jig sits by herself. The theme of the story is people sometimes don't appreciate what's in front of them and is shown through characterization, point of view and symbolism. One way
The characters of Hills Like White Elephants Hemingway’s Hills Like White Elephants short story takes place in a train station in Spain around the 1920s. The two main characters of his story are that of a man and girl waiting for train while drinking and the story is almost entirely told through a conversational dialogue of the characters with a few small descriptive paragraphs of the surrounding scenery of the train station in between. Additionally, Hemingway doesn’t give any characterisation of the mood or theme of the conversation, it is written in a completely neutral manner as if he were only reporting the conversation. He also doesn’t give any context to this conversation leaving the reader for the most part in the dark in regards to the subject matter of the dialogue of the main characters. This can lead many readers to view the story and characters essentially without any actual character or plot making the story pointless.
In ‘Good People” the more modern contemporary version of “Hills Like White Elephants" we are introduce to the thought of abortion in the fifth paragraph "What if he was just afraid, if the truth was no more than this, and if what to pray for was not even love but simple courage, to meet both her eyes as she says it and trust his heart?". Another one of the first similarities depicted from these stories would be that both men are very misogynistic or described in the class “the Nice Bustard”, they both want the women to have abortions. The way they persuade their thoughts to their partners are different, for example in “Hills Like White Elephants" we see the man being very pushy towards the girl trying to down play the fact that it is a serious surgical operation by stating “it’s really an awfully simply operation, jig.” (Hemingway, 1927). In “Good people” the man is pushy in a nice way so it’s soddenly caught if your paying attention to him, for example he states “I think it's the best thing to do. But I don't want you to do it if you don't really want to."
The two pools are perhaps the most significant objects at the location due to the fact they were built right at the footprints of where the World Trade Center buildings use to sit. A museum is also present in between the two pools; this is where the visitors and tourist would go if they decided to purchase a ticket for the general tour. The new One World Trade Center (Freedom Tower) is also present; it is located several feet north of the North Pool and is 1776 feet tall. An interesting fun fact about the height of the tower is that it resembles the year our nation’s Declaration of Independence was signed. The Freedom Tower also went on to become the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, surpassing the Willis Tower in Chicago.
The impact of the epidemic on the 20th Century is that it provided insight on treatment of the flu, created the influenza vaccine, and a controversial topic for further research. The epidemic of 1918 provides insight on the treatment of the flu because of the attempts during 1918. Due to the lack of research, doctors did not know how to treat the flu so they often used medieval techniques. For example, “Treatment
He not only challenges this couple with life changing decisions, but he also makes these decisions more substantial and pressing, by referencing time in the very first paragraph of his short story. He states “It was very hot and the express from Barcelona would come in forty minutes.” (Hemingway 276). Time now becomes a clear reality, revealing itself like a clock, which now begins to click its way on down. Hemingway continues to imply the issue of time, by using what seems to be a hurried and fast paced dialogue throughout his short story. Again time, seems to be of a relevant matter in this story, Hemingway places many important decisions upon Jig and the American, giving them such a short window of time to make their decision
Exploding ships, mentally unstable girls, and suicides being declared accidents… Those are interesting ways to start a senior trip. Polly tampered with the homecoming float in hopes Jessica Hart is elected queen, but Bubba tampered with the votes so Maria would win. He did this so Clair and Jessie wouldn 't try to scratch each other’s eyes out. The float collapsed due to Polly’s tampering and Maria was paralyzed because she was voted queen. Michael found out Alice had her hands tied in christmas lights as knotted as a Gordian knot :), trying to get paper cups down for the party, on a ladder and she fell on her nose.