Hindi Cinema Vs Indian Films

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Films are mere reflection of the society so much so that sometimes they can even influence the public opinion or can mould the viewpoint of the public of the society. Films are one of the important tools of mass communication. In India, when the films came into being, they were either devotional or morally influential. People used to teach the society and implant the good morals and ethics in them.
“Bollywood” is a term created by the English language press in India in the late 1970s. It has now become the dominant global term to refer to the prolific and box-office oriented Hindi language film industry that is located in Bombay (now known as Mumbai). Cinema in India encompasses a great deal more diversity and has a longer history than the
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Mani Kaul’s films such as UskiRoti (1971), Ashadh ka ek Din (1972), and Duvidha (1974) are some of the earliest examples during the boom of the parallel movies in Hindi cinema.
Surprisingly the female actors have primary and important roles in most of the parallel films as compared to the commercial films where the camera seldom shifts its focus from the male actors. Many parallel films are female oriented and those which are male oriented have vital roles for the females in the movie. In the parallel films the females are not treated as an object rather they are treated as the subject unlike the commercial films where females are used as mere mannequins who are mainly required for the glamour in the film.
In parallel cinema women have always had an equal opportunity to portray their roles along with their male counterparts. Sometimes even the male actors are overshadowed by the female ones. The movie Arth is one of those movies where the female actors are given major roles. Here the two famous women of the parallel cinema, i.e., Smita Patil and Shabana Azmi, were put against the then famous actor of the same cinema, i.e., Kulbhushan Kharbanda. Both the women were so convincing in their roles that the audience could hardly find the need of the male actor in the
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Hindi cinema or Bollywood is a male dominant industry that produces hundreds of films every year. Most of the films project gender-based social issues in which women are represented from a male viewpoint. Such projections vary from one genre to the other as in commercial Hindi cinema and the parallel cinema. The present study will attempt to study different feministic approaches that go in filmmaking in these two distinct genres. Patriarchal values are some of the leading considerations that play dominant role in representation of women in these two genres of Hindi

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