It is key practices to this which recognize separation and destroying the ego (the enemy). A good exercise for this is to repeat your name till it has no meaning to you. This puts you into a perception of the nothingness, the feeling of the one, which is all. The Sethianian Gnosticism used rituals right out in the open to get a stronger effect. They saw religion as nothing but a big ritual, which is why the church hated them.
The arrival of these white, christian-proclaimed travelers led to much turmoil in the Americas. Much of what they preached amongst themselves, as well as to their “red brothers”, was not represented in their actions. Red Jacket, a Native American and member of the Seneca tribe, recognized this contrast in his new European neighbors. His speech directed to Jacob Cram at the beginning of the 19th century pinpointed the hypocrisy of early Christian colonists in what would become the United States. Christian missionaries had called for a meeting with Red Jacket and his brothers to extract their final decision on whether or not they would convert from their own, native way of religion.
Denial of Faith Marlowe’s Faustus is the epitome of the backsliding Christian, except there’s no hope for reconciliation in Faustus’ story. His quest for knowledge, supposed to be full of fruitful deeds and mighty conquests, becomes one filled with foolish pranks and blasphemous actions. His knowledge in divinity does not seem to help him choose rationally between eternal damnation and salvation, nor does it sway him to deny Lucifer. Though Faustus shows us that he has knowledge of divinity and religious values, his ultimate condemnation to hell comes from his selfish desires and repudiation of Christian beliefs. Therefore, Faustus proves that not trusting in and straying away from God can corrupt the mind and behavior, which influences Christians to take up sinful ways.
In an unenlightened state, this is a comment how far and how bad conditions can get when people fail to question traditional practices. Kant places “the main point of enlightenment… chiefly in matters of religion because our rulers have no interest in playing guardian with respect to the arts and sciences” (109). Kant explains that religion is one of the greatest threats to enlightenment because, unlike other fields, there is significant incentive to spread the way of a certain religion. The unchecked power of the church and of religious members is one of the results of this, as seen in Candide. Kant goes on to write that “religious incompetence is not only the most harmful but also the most degrading of all” (109).
One of Hurtado’s first arguments is based on how early Christianity was viewed by the pagans and Jews of Rome. He writes that as early as Paul/Saul, the early Jesus movement and what would become known as Christianity was viewed in a hostile light because of improper reverence for Jesus, stating, “Paul’s zealous ire was probably provoked at least in part by what he regarded as inappropriate reverence for Jesus.” Hurtado states that residents and officials of Rome had already categorized Christians in their own views and writings about Christians. Hurtado writes that the pagan outlook against Christianity was overtly hostile. Flagrant rumors about Christian orgies and cannibalism spread through the empire like a wildfire. Hurtado refers to the writing of Tacitus in the 2nd century recalling Nero’s persecution of Christians stating the they were “hated for their abominations” and that they were charged for “hatred of the human race.” Hurtado argues that this quote shows that by Nero’s persecution in 64 AD and
The traveler Stanley boasted of undermining Islam saying’ “I have, indeed, undermined Islamism so much here that Mtesa has determined henceforth, until he is better informed, to observe the Christian Sabbath as well as the Muslim Sabbath” . The nature of the relations thus changed dramatically for the Muslims; from being the monopoly religion of the abasomi (readers) to competing with a new and dedicated force of Christian missionaries that Muteesa himself invited through a letter he wrote
( 1980 pp.7 ) Traditional religion and Christianity, the clashes between the two tribes and the scheming nature of reformers and statesmen etc., find place in the novel. The leadership is very much distanced from the throng. In the words of David Cook, The novel depicts a situation in which a properly unified programs me for defending the integrity of indigenous society is dangerously spilt between rival polities. Education and Political activism, instead of being partners, became antagonist (Cook David: 1983
The third stage is the beginning of the eighteenth century when the British tried to oust the Dutch, the French and the Portuguese from the sub-continent. They started English as a medium of education which influenced Urdu even with more force. After 1857, particularly the transference of the English words into Urdu was faster. After the War of Independence 1857, the British occupied India and became enemy of the Muslims of the sub-continent. The British considered The Muslims responsible for the rebellion against them but virtually all it was because of the Hindu’s conspiracies.
In ‘Philosophy of Hinduism’ Ambedkar has openly criticised the nature of Hinduism as a religion. In it he says that “justice is simply another name for liberty equality and fraternity. It is in this sense I shall be using justice as a criterion to judge Hinduism”, and with detail analyses of Hindu texts like Manusmrithi, Upanishads etc., he proves that Hinduism is “overwhelmed with the fear of pollution… and by its very nature it is inhuman and unmoral.” He was addressing the issue of caste discrimination through his article, where he says that the untouchables in India are suffering the unjust hands of religion, and not given equal status anywhere. Well, it’s the second decade of the twenty first century and the smothering effects of caste discrimination on the basis of religious doctrines should have been effaced from our country by now. I believed it so, until a group of students raised their voice and is demanding justice for their fellow classmate who committed suicide out of neglect and discrimination.